ARC132H1 Study Guide - Final Guide: Pilaster, Gentrification
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Axonometric: the technique of representing parallel lines as parallel
Perspective: the technique of representing parallel lines as converging in order to give the illusion of depth and
Blasé: indifferent to or bored with life, as or as if from an excess of worldly pleasures
Avant-garde: A group of artists who claim to be at the forefront of artistic developments
Poche: The method or result of representing the solid part of the building by darkening the area
Proletariat: The class of industrial workers who sell their labor to live
Bauhaus: An art and architecture school that existed in Germany between 1919-1933 and that changed the
course of artistic training
Modern Movement: dramatic shift in the design of buildings, away from the traditional forms and construction
techniques of the past and toward a new era of design.
Modern Architecture: simplification of form and an absence of applied decoration
Urbanism: the characteristic way of life of city dwellers
Curtain wall: system of covering of a building with non-structural outer wall
Orthogonal: involving right angles
Entasis: Contains the idea of tension the convex curve given to an upright member
Pilaster: an upright architectural member that is rectangular in plan and is structurally a pier but architecturally
treated as a column
Stereotomy: The science of art of cutting
Taylorism: a factory management system developed in the late 19th century to increase efficiency by evaluating
every step in a manufacturing process and breaking down production into specialized repetitive tasks
Functionalism: the claim that the design of an object should be determined by its function rather than by
aesthetic considerations, and that anything practically designed will be inherently beautiful.
Existenzminimum : Minimum dwelling, subsistence dwelling, dwelling that is assumed to provide the
minimally acceptable floor space, fresh air, access to transit and green space, etc.
Social Condenser: Any spatial arrangement that is meant to transform the social interactions among human
subjects occupying those spaces
Gentrification: The process of wealthier residents moving to an area, and the changes that occur due to the
influx of wealth.
Literal Transparency Phenomenal Transparency
Transparency as material Transparency as space
Gropius Le Corbusier
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