BIO120H1 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Mendelian Inheritance, Daphne Major, Neo-Darwinism

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BIO120H1 Full Course Notes
BIO120H1 Full Course Notes
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Dobzhansky: fruit fly geneticist & founder of the modern evolutionary synthesis. Lamarck : first to use term evolution & mechanism of inheritance of acquired characters, incorrect linear view of evolution, believed that traits acquired are passed onto offspring, giraffe neck. Weismann: germ plasm theory, inheritance only by germ cells (gametes), somatic cells do not, genetic info flows only from dna to protein. Darwin: used scientific method, 5 yr on hms beagle as naturalist. Wallace: wrote on the tendency of varieties to depart indefinitely from the original type, co-discover natural selection. Lyell: principles of geology argued that present day geological processes can explain the history of the earth - gradualism, dynamic rather than static world. Malthus : essay on the principle of population, darwin realized that under evolutionary pressure favorable variations preserved and unfavorable destroyed. Darwin: age 22, most time spent in south america.