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ENG280H1 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Authorial Intent, Geneva School, Restoration Literature

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Jenny Kerber
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ENG280 Critical Approaches to Literature Midterm Summary
Application of theories = criticism
Philology (late 19th, early 20th C)
The practical – texts & their histories (es. Editorial histories & historical development)
Studied mostly prior to Arnold; historical rhetoric, textual & genetic crit
“historical linguistics”
No dictionary yet
Eligy – about death/mourning, lament about
Genre criticism
Source study/genetic crit
Historical/biographical approaches
Restoration literature; conventions & context
Matthew Arnold
About higher, nobler things – leave room of imagination
“disinterestedness” – strive for objectivity
“best that is known & thought” – best ideas, learn/teach timeless truths
After Arnold...
(early 20th C, turn away from history/biography)
Russian Formalism
Key ?: what makes a literary text literary/differentiates?
Establishing a scientific basis, read for form, not interested in wringing out moral
Across texts, search for general rules
Engage with text. Look @ work itself. Literary vs. ‘practical’ language.
Lit language function: defamiliarization; awareness
T.S. Eliot
Poet & a critic; born in US, moved to Britain
1. Tied to tradition (passed down), also dynamic
2. Impersonality
Filtered into American New Cirt
Interesting relationship with “lemon-squeezer criticism”
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