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TEST #2 Comprehensive Notes

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University of Toronto St. George
Terry Robinson

Drama Test 2DefinitionsThe fourth wallthe imaginary wall at the front of the stage in a traditional threewalled box set in a proscenium theater through which the audience sees the action in the world of the playit contributed to theatrical realism which extended the idea to the imaginary boundary between any fictional work and its audiencebreaking the fourth wall is acknowledging the audience and is a technique of metafictionwilling suspension of disbeliefthis is a formula for justifying the use of fantastic or nonrealistic elements in literary works of fictionit was put forth by Coleridgehe wanted to suspend judgment concerning the implausibility of the narrativeframing devicethis is the usage of the same single action scene evetn setting or element o significance at the beginning and end of a literary workit creates a frame within which the main body of work can developthis is especially used in Arabian Knightswhere Scheherazade must narrate stories in order to prevent her execution Chaucer uses this in the Canterbury TalesRobert WalpoleHe is though to be the first British prime minister he presided over the cabinet for George I and George IIHe lived from 16761745He obtained the post of First Lord of the Treasuryhe was sole leader of the CabinetJohn Gay parodied him in the Beggars OperaHe was a Whig statesman dealing with social inequity through the comparison of lowclass thieves and whores with the aristocratic and bourgeois bettersPeachum a thiefcatcher mentions an unproductive thieve Bob Booty Walpoles nicknameHe got it banned by the Lord Chamberlain and it was not performed until 50 years laterLinked him to Jonathan Wild the most infamous criminal of LondonLicensing Act of 1737act of censorship of the British stage one of the most determining factors in the development of Augustan dramaThe Lord Chamberlain had the power to approve any play before it was stagedThis was lead by Robert Walpole 17361737 when he was the First Lord of the TreasuryThe result was that the plays the passed were more sentimental and melodrama thrivedthe number of Shakespeare plays also was incredibly high one fourth of all the playsLord ChamberlainOne of the chief officers of the Royal HouseholdHe often acted as the Kings spokesman in Council and ParliamentHe was important because the Licensing Act 1737 gave him the authority to veto the performance of any new plays or modify an existing playThe Theaters Act in 1843 restricted the powers of the Lord Chamberlain so he could only prohibit the performance of plays were he was of the opinion that it is fitting for the preservation of good manners this was abolished too in 1968Legitimate theaterThis dates back to the licensing acts of 1737 which restricted serious theatre performances to the two patent theaters licensed to perform spoken dramaOther theaters were permitted to show comedy pantomime or melodrama but these were ranked as illegitimate theaterThis restricted performances of Shakespeare and other classical authors to privileged housesbecause these could be censored more easilyIllegitimate theatersopened in all major English citiesmusic had to play in important rolemusical theaterthe emotional content of the piece is humor pathos love and angercommunicated through music and movementLaughing Comedyan attempt to avoid sentimental comedy and melodrama which portrays the distresses of the middle and lower classesit was meant to return to earlier satirical comedy which portrays the vices and follies of the members of those classesleaving the upper classes to tragedythe values remain good nature and generositycomedy of errors is a situation made amusing by bungling and incompetenceA School for Scandal The Belles StratagemSatirethe use of humor irony exaggeration or ridicule to expose and criticize peoples stupidity or vicesparticularly in the context of contemporary politicsTableau Vivanta silent and motionless group of people arranged to represent a scene or incidentSpectaclevisually striking performance or display regarded in terms of its visual impactblockingdesign or plan the movement of actors on a stage or movie setThe French revolution17891799this was social and political upheaval in Francethe absolute monarchy that had rules France for centuries collapsed in three years French society underwent an epic transformation as aristocratic and religious privileges evaporated under an assault from radical leftwing political groupsold ideas about tradition and hierarchy of monarchy aristocracy the highest classusually holding hereditary titles and religious authority were overthrown by new Enlightenment principles of equality citizenship and inalienable rightsThe Storming of Bastillethe morning of July 14 1789the medieval fortress and prison which represented royal authority in the center of Paris was stormedits fall was the flashpoint catalyst of the French Revolution Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI were executedReign of Terrora period of remorseless repression and bloodshed during the French Revolutionit lasted from 17931794it was a conflict between rival political factions the Girondins and the Jacobiansmarked by mass executions of enemies of the revolutionthe death toll was an estimated 16000 by the guillotine and 25000 by firing squadJacobinsthe most famous and influential political club in the development of the French Revolution
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