[HIS103Y1] - Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (70 pages long!)

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HIS103Y1
FINAL EXAM
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Thursday, September 15, 2016
HIS103 — Week 1 Notes
The 30 Years War
1. The Bohemian Revolt, 1618-1623
2. The Danish Intervention, 1624-1629
3. The Swedish Intervention, 1630-1634
4. The French Intervention 1635-1648 (direct involvement of French armies, battled
Spanish Habsburgs and the Holy Roman Emperor)
5. Peace Congresses in 1648 (Peace of Westphalia), Spain and France continue to
fight until 1659
Key Terms
The House of Habsburg: House of Austria, throne of the HRE was continuously
occupied between 1438 and 1740.
Charles V: Ruler of both the Spanish Empire from 1516 and the HRE from 1519 as well
as the Habsburg Netherlands from 1506
Protestant Reformation/Counter-Reformation: 16th century religious, political,
intellectual and cultural upheaval that splintered Catholic Europe, defined the modern
era.
Peace of Augsburg: 1555, temporary settlement within the HRE of the religious conflict
arising from the Reformation.
Holy Roman Empire/Holy Roman Emperor: A multi-ethnic complex of territories in
central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages.
Spanish Netherlands: The collective name of States of the HRE in the Low Countries,
held in personal union by the Spanish crown. (Modern Belgium and Luxembourg,
capital was Brussels)
United Provinces: A republic in Europe existing from 1581, part of the Netherlands
separated from Spanish rule until 1795.
Prague; Bohemia: A kingdom in the HRE, province in the Habsburgs’ Austrian Empire.
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Thursday, September 15, 2016
Ferdinand II (followed by Ferdinand III): A member of the House of Habsburg, was
the HRE (1619-1637) and King of Bohemia (1617-1619).
Frederick V: Was Elector Palatine and King of Bohemia (1619-20), nicknamed the
Winter King.
King James: King of Scotland and England.
Louis XIII (followed by Louis XIV) (House of Bourbon): King of France from 1610 t0
1643.
Cardinal Richelieu: A French clergyman, nobleman, and a statesman. Became King
Louis XIII’s chief minister in 1624.
Gustavus Adolphus: King of Sweden from 1611 to 1632, founder of Sweden as a
Great Power.
Oxenstierna: An ancient Swedish noble family.
King Christian of Denmark: Monarch of the House of Oldenburg.
Wallenstein: A Bohemian military leader and politician who offered his services and an
army of 30 000 to 100 000 during the Thirty Years’ War to the HRE.
Huguenot: French Protestants, reached France early in the sixteenth century.
Edict of Restitution: Passed eleven years into the Thirty Years’ War in 1629 following
Catholic successes at arms, belted attempt by Ferdinand II to restore religious and
territorial situations.
Mazarin: An Italian cardinal, diplomat and politician, served as the Chief Minister to the
King of France from 1642 to 1661.
Munster: An independent city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Location of the
Anabaptist rebellion and the signing of the Treaty of Westphalia ending the Thirty Years’
War.
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Document Summary

The 30 years war: the bohemian revolt, 1618-1623, the danish intervention, 1624-1629, the swedish intervention, 1630-1634, the french intervention 1635-1648 (direct involvement of french armies, battled. Spanish habsburgs and the holy roman emperor: peace congresses in 1648 (peace of westphalia), spain and france continue to. The house of habsburg: house of austria, throne of the hre was continuously occupied between 1438 and 1740. Charles v: ruler of both the spanish empire from 1516 and the hre from 1519 as well as the habsburg netherlands from 1506. Protestant reformation/counter-reformation: 16th century religious, political, intellectual and cultural upheaval that splintered catholic europe, de ned the modern era. Peace of augsburg: 1555, temporary settlement within the hre of the religious con ict arising from the reformation. Holy roman empire/holy roman emperor: a multi-ethnic complex of territories in central europe that developed during the early middle ages.

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