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HMU126H1- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 103 pages long!)
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Department
Ethnomusicology
Course Code
HMU126H1
Professor
Edward Wright

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UTSG
HMU126H1
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
HMU126 Lecture 1
Monday, January 6th, 2016
The 18th Century Composer
Europe:
- France, Italy, Germany (many different states during 18th century). Period of transition from
empires, smaller states, different countries changing.
- Turkish country close to Italy etc.
18th century Europe:
- France is in the last years of the Ancient Regime
- The War of Spanish Succession (1701-1714) leads to (amongst other things) the strengthening for
the Prussian monarchy
- 1756: Hapsburg (Autro-Hungary) and Bourbon (French) empires sign a defensive treaty
- Russia begins looking West. Integrates Western European ideas
- Italy remains divided into city-states that have their own affiliations/treaties with the major
powers
- Britain is establishing the conditions that will lead to the industrial revolution and concerned with
their colonies. Big deal because we build instruments
The Enlightenment:
- An intellectual movement that championed reason and advanced ideas such as liberty, fraternity,
constitutionality, republicanism, and the separation of church and state
- Influenced heavily by the scientific revolution of the 17th century in which massive strides were
made in the subjects of physics, mathematics, astronomy, and political philosophy.
- Saw the rise of the “public sphere”
- Important Enlightenment thinkers were Denis Diderot, Jean Jacques Rousseau, David Hume,
Adam Smith, Voltaire and Immanuel Kant
- Supported by “benevolent despots” (very rich who supports causes, rule in charge, allows for
complaint from people, makes them feel more important and to leave a legacy/history Russian
emperor ex)
- Placed value on learning/teaching the fine arts.
- Led to a proliferation of amateur music and a larger market for the arts (publications,
performances, magazines, concert series)
- Book, Hit during this period : Charles Burneny’s A General History of Music: From the Earliest
Ages to the Present Period (1776)
- More interested in music and history
The Twilight of the Baroque:
- The Enlightenment (1715-1789)
- Baroque slowly falling out of favour
J.S Bach (1685-1750)
- late Baroque
- late works culminate baroque style
- At his death he is primarily known as organist
- studied by his contemporaries as a master of the older style
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Johann Joachim Quantz (1697-1773)
- epicenter of the enlightenment
- a celebrated flutist
- works for Fredrick the Great in Berlin/Potsdam
- Published treatises on flute performance practice
- 1752: wrote musical style was made up of the best features of music from all nations. Synthesize
all musical example and pick out the best music.
Style Galant:
- A term coined by the theorist Johann Matheson (1713) to recognize the lighter and more modern
style gaining prominence in Europe
- Characterized by J.J. Quantz, who in 1752 argued for a cosmopolitan style
- Music was to follow the logical flow of ideas in a similar manner speech. “More natural
- Communicate expression without artifice
- More free than the learned baroque counterpoint
General Characteristics of the new style
Baroque
- Melodies spun out of single subject with infrequent cadences
- Quick harmonic rhythm
- A single affective statement
- Notes changing every beat
Galant
- A succession of short distinct phrases with frequent cadences
- Slower harmonic rhythm
- Incorporates contrasting moods
- Can have a A section that’s sad, and B section that’s happy
What Type of work are composers getting?
Patronage
- Court, appointments, teaching, management
Public
- Opera/musical theatre, halls, institutions, publishing, teaching
- Greater market for people to listen. Musicians take the show on road
Opera and Musical Drama in the 18th century
- Musical drama in the 18th century builds upon many of the institutions established in the baroque
(opera houses, academics practices)
- Drama is shaped by the institutions and infrastructure, as well as local/national culture
- Opera Buffa and Opera Seria
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com

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[HMU126H1] Comprehensive Winter guide including any lecture notes, textbook notes and exam guides.find more resources at oneclass.com HMU126 Lecture 1 Monday, January 6 , 2016 th The 18 Century Composer Europe: th - France, Italy, Germany (many different states during 18 century). Period of transition from empires, smaller states, different countries changing. - Turkish country close to Italy etc. 18 century Europe: - France is in the last years of the Ancient Regime - The War of Spanish Succession (1701-1714) leads to (amongst other things) the strengthening for the Prussian monarchy - 1756: Hapsburg (Autro-Hungary) and Bourbon (French) empires sign a defensive treaty - Russia begins looking West. Integrates Western European ideas - Italy remains divided into city-states that have their own affiliations/treaties with the major powers - Britain is establishing the conditions that will lead to the industrial revolution and concerned with their colonies. Big deal because we build instruments The Enlightenment: - An intellectual movement that championed reason and advanced ideas such as liberty, fraternity, constitutionality, republicanism, and the separation of church and state - Influenced heavily by the scientific revolution of the 17 century in which massive strides were made in the subjects of physics, mathematics, astronomy, and political philosophy. - Saw the rise of the “public sphere” - Important Enlightenment thinkers were Denis Diderot, Jean Jacques Rousseau, David Hume, Adam Smith, Voltaire and Immanuel Kant - Supported by “benevolent despots” (very rich who supports causes, rule in charge, allows for complaint from people, makes them feel more important and to leave a legacy/history – Russian emperor ex) - Placed value on learning/teaching the fine arts. - Led to a proliferation of amateur music and a larger market for the arts (publications, performances, magazines, concert series) - Book, Hit during this period : Charles Burneny’s A General History of Music: From the Earliest Ages to the Present Period (1776) - More interested in music and history The Twilight of the Baroque: - The Enlightenment (1715-1789) - Baroque slowly falling out of favour J.S Bach (1685-1750) - late Baroque - late works culminate baroque style - At his death he is primarily known as organist - studied by his contemporaries as a master of the older style find more resources at oneclass.com
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