A couple readings amalgamated to describe the conditions and roles of Women in Israeli society.

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University of Toronto St. George
Near & Middle Eastern Civilizations
Maria Subtelny

Women in Israel Roles include taking care of family : Mothers of Israel Marilyn P Sair Was the Kibbutz an Experiment in Social and Sex Equality -Only few women were keen on going to Israel in Yishuv era to cultivate and harness the land. -In the Kvutza, quota dictated 10% of slots to be distributed to women. 10-30 men in a kvutza, 1-3 women(1909). Strenuous labour seen as beyond womens capacity. Also, women had a deficiency in Hebrew in comparison to men who were taught for 6 years prior to their Bar Mitzvah. Interestingly, both men and women thought there was some validity to these gender role stereotypes. Women envisioned a change in order to match the work done by the men in the Kibbutz. They wanted to buy cows, chickens and vegetable gardens to be on same terms of work as men. -Later, (around 1938) kvutza became a stable institution. Question of childcare became an issue. Children were seen as an important resource for the kibbutz. Women were unwilling to give up their communal work for support of the babies. Initially, the role of child caring was presented to a woman (de facto from their stigma of being maternal) who should also be an educator. [Metaplot-childcare workers]. But all members of the Kibbutz helped in raising the child. The child did not sleep with their parents, only seeing them at the communal dinner tent.As more children were born into the kibbutz, the rate at which www.notesolution.com
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