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University of Toronto St. George
Heather Jackson

1 Summary of MerleauPonty Part 1Visual agnosiacannot point to an isolated stimuli but can grab Optic ataxiacannot grasp an isolated stimuli but can point CONCLUSION two visual pathways in braina identifying what objects are b identifying how to engage with them Pathological Casescannot just draw a straight line from pathological to normal behaviourMUST TRIANGULATEwe must identify the patients pathological activities as allusions then identify what fundamental functions those allusions are striving to make good but failing to furnishthen reason back to normal activities that strive to make good and succeed in that fundamental function SO WHAT IS THE FUNDAMENTAL FUNCTION OF PATHOLOGICAL ACTIVITYThe world structure at the core of consciousnesshow the mind understands the worldSedimentationhabituation reactive attitudes Spontaneityactivity spontaneous behavioursShneiders Pathologies Spontaneous behavioursmovements not solicited by or relevant to the current situationStarting Problemdifficulties initiating spontaneous behaviours Habitual behavioursmovements solicited by or relevant to the current situationStopping Problemdifficulties modifying habitual behaviours eg unable to light lamp if asked question Shneider neither seeks nor finds his movement but moves his body about until the movement comes spontaneous he is aware of the command and has the intention to movehe cannot convert the thought of movement into actual movementhe is missing the anticipation ofarrival at the objective ensured by motor intentionality BACKGROUNDevery normal person has a background to their movementmovement and consciousness of it Abstract movements not relevant to any actual situation projected background Concrete movements necessary for regular life actual background accounts other than MP only focus on the stopping problemShneider lacked both Bodily Freedombodily openness to be drawn in to or to be solicited by new situations Concrete Libertya bodily openness to put oneself in to or to initiate a new situation psychic blindness unable to perform abstract movements with his eyes shut ie those movements which are not relevant to any situation nor can he describe the position of his body or the passive movements of his limbs also when he is touched he cannot identify what point on his body he was touchedMOTOR INTENTIONALITYboth bodily freedom to be solicited by situations and concrete liberty to put yourself into a situation in the normal case we make good on the world through a special class of action that combines habitual and spontaneous behaviours uniting bodily freedom and concrete liberty in actions inseparable unities between intentions and bodily movementsREFLEX ACTIONSconsciousness is not involved reflexes adjust themselves to a direction of the situation and express our orientation towards a behavioural setting TWO BODIEShabit body and body at the moment HABITmotor grasping of motor significancebody catches and comprehends movement items regarding a task needing to be done eg mouse keys are poles of action which open a situation calling for work 2 Summary of DescartesSelectionsbody as machinefreestanding physical system whose behaviour as a whole is a function of the workings of its individual parts which interact rigidly by direct causal contact the body is the chunk of the physical world that happens to be causally contingent with the soul
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