•Us monopoly - 1945-1949
•US superiority 1949-1968: Mutually assured Destruction (MAD)
(The basic idea was, that nuclear weapons are always going to be there, but it won’t be used, and
if one uses, another will have enough time to use whatever they have left. The key was not the 1st
strike but the 2nd strike capability, even if they launch theirs, you would have enough to kill them,
so therefore they would not attack you first.)
Cold war realism was just a war of scare and talk, they never actually fought. Examples of proxy
wars, are like Korean war, Angola, Vietnam and Guatemala and Recent one Iraq and
What is REALISM?
•Tomas Hobbes – he was a historical cranky dude,
•States act according to their interests. Realism its a theory that states operate, and acts
in international according to their interests
•Ideas and ideals and the handmaidens of interest. States don’t have friends they have
interests, don’t get confused.)
•Security dilemma: The world is anarchic no overarching authority What does that
mean, the world is a bad place we live in, the world is anarchic, and there is no global
government. There is United Nations and the International Justice. The world of self help,
you must help yourself.
•Each state relies on it self- it is a Hobbesian world. The world a war against all that he
called, he argued, in order to get out of this, you need a absolute ruller, taht everyone will
fear and be subordinate. That fearsome that will bring you to your knees,that is a state.
Realism in international relations: the systemic level.
•You pay attention to states, their capabilities and their interest ( the billiard balls)
•Ignore: personalities, ideals, institutions, leaders, domestic processes.
•Stability of the system (it looks at the world as a whole, what condities make the whole
worlds stable, what realist tell is that, the most stable system is where two powers control
the most. The cold war was the most stable era of bi-polarity