POL208 Midterm December 7th, 2010 2:00-4:00PM
- Define 5/6 International Relations Terms worth 10 marks each
- Respond to 1/2 Essay Questions worth 50 marks
- Things to keep in mind:
o Keep answers relevant, get to the point
o Definitions should be at least a page in length
o Essay should be several pages in length
o Pay attention to analytical framework
o Explain events with theories that we learned in class
o Draw connections between things. Supposed to try to connect to
different paradigms in your analysis.
o Theories: make assumptions about state actors, impose a rational model
of thinking, improve knowledge of world politics, improve knowledge of
o Definitions should include:
Definition of the concept
Example should be transnational
Relevance to International Relations
Globalization: fundamental shift or transformation in the scale of human social
organization that links distant communities together and expands the power
relations at different levels across regions and continents. Making this possible are
technological advancements and economic policies.
Realism: this is a theoretical framework for understanding international relations.
This theory focuses on the importance of security and power in the way that the
state engages in global politics. The idea of security comes from the idea that in
order to achieve this state, the country must ensure that it can deal with threats
from other states. There are two ways of approaching realism and the security of the
state: power maximizing (this is a offensive method) or security seeking (defensive
method). Power maximising involves being secure when the state is the biggest and
most powerful state. Security seeking involves meeting the status quo. The cold war
is probably the best example to draw upon to demonstrate realist thinking in
practice. This involved an arms war between the U.S and the Soviet Union, as both
states were striving to secure themselves by being as powerful/ more powerful than
the other. This was the only way to ensure their survival.
Liberalism: The fundamental role of liberalism is to try and transform the
international system to overcome constraints. Liberalism is a philosophy of freedom
(from constraints, fear). The state is the servant of freedom. The government is the
safest precaution against arbitrary intrusion. There are many forms of liberal states:
laissez-faire capitalism, socialist governments, and constitutional monarchy.
Liberalism in world politics often results in contradictions. Justice in the world is
relative. Liberal values can be a cause for war (ie: peace keeping missions)