POLSCI [Jan. 24 2010]
(Continuation of Last Lecture)
The Future of the Nation-State
• If nationalism is a function of modern society, once modern
society is “completed” shouldn’t the age of the nation-state
• Industrial capital society & nationalism go hand in hand
• Challenges to the Nation-State
o A) Regional integration
North America: NAFTA
NAFTA is not an overcoming of the nation-state
o B) European Union
o C) Local revival nationalism (Quebec)
Nationalism & Conflict
• Weber: Protestant Ethic
• Why did the West get Rich?
o They stole it: Imperialism
Problem: Why didn’t they steal it form us first?
• Why didn’t the Aztec Empire come form Spain
& steal from us?
What are the origins of technological superiority?
o Weather: warming up of Europe after the 15 Centaury?
Problem: Why didn’t warm areas get rich first?
• What was it about northwest Europe that made it unique? o It was Protestant & Capitalist
o Weber wasn’t the first to notice this: in fact most social
theorists were responding to Carl Marx
• Protestant Ethic
o Published about 100 years ago
o Opens with a statistical fact, “business leaders and owner
of capital… are overwhelmingly protestant”
o Not merely a contemporary fact but a historical fact
• Religion is related to economic status
o But this interpretation is up to scrutiny because
reformation is not an escape from controls of the church. It
involves a much higher degree of regulation of behavior
than that which was demanded by Catholicism.
o Protestantism adopts a stringent attitude towards
relaxation and enjoyment, especially renounced in
o Protestantism cannot be the result of capitalism because it
• Weber originally argues that when people are caught up in
economics they usually are indifferent or hostile to religion but
Protestantism didn’t relax the church on day-to-day activities, it
intensified it & demanded MORE rigorous discipline than
• Weber Analyzes impact
o He distinguishes other forms of capitalism as “economic
o Why do people work more than they need to live?
Because if you give them more money they buy
Traditionalism is by no means incompatible with
greed for wealth
Selfishness is found in all societies o Modern Capitalism is founded on the idea that you have to
work for a duty
o Weber identifies the principal features of the “spirit” of
o For the protestant the calling of an individual is to fulfill his
duty to god through the moral conduct of his day-to-day
o This impels Protestantism away from the ideal of Catholic
Lutheranism however cannot be regarded as the
main source of capitalist spirit
o Later protestants sects that make up what Weber calls
o Analysis on Ca