POL101 Final Exam Semester 2 Lecture Summary Notes Study Guide

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University of Toronto St. George
Political Science
Jeffrey Kopstein

POL 101 Semester 2 Summary Notes Final Exam Study Notes th Lecture 12: Genocide & Justice (Jan. 10 ) o Genocide committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group Acts directed against political groups are excluded o Charter of International Military Tribunal customary international crimes that justify international criminal sanctions: crimes against humanity & war crimes Victors Justice o Nuremberg Laws (trial of Nazi war criminals) govts could be held responsible State sovereignty doesnt trump everything no longer adequate legal principle remove from others obligation to intervene Memorialize, history & deterrent o Responsibilities of individual states: considerable political power; control available weapons & force; command the loyal of popl; may press for amnesty & general pardon o Truth commission temporary, set up by official authority to investigate & issue public report with data & recommendations (justice & reconciliation) Contradictory goals sacrificing justice for social peace Justice through prosecution & punishment to create collective deterrent Convention that obligates states to intervene Weight of justice @expense of peace democracy? o Away from States concept, to an international community sort of concept Lecture 13: Nationalism & Conflict (Jan. 17 www.notesolution.como Nationalism ideology of nations Nation group that wants own state Invention of nationalism never existed outside ideology thereof (?) Nation group of people who believe they share common fate, history, culture & language Nationalism: state & nation should be congruent Occurs only under modern conditions feeling created in modernity Why divisions of nation-states & not just nations? o Industrial society & need for universalization of culture Need organization to standardize & impose States o Nations are constructed; projects of elites; products of aggregated individual beliefs Identities are socially constructed, change over time High stakes systematic disadvantage National narrative if wish to have a people, need a story o Nations do not create nationalism; nationalism creates nations Creations of ideologies; doesnt affect legitimacy Unification of high culture o Common global identity possible one day o Nationalism & Sequencing which first? Assimilate or accommodate o Ethnic vs. Civic Nationalism Whats the basis of belonging: political or cultural? o [Canada]: liberalism vs. communitarianism (individual vs. group rights) Ideal of Canadian multiculturalism Is it a real legit solution? www.notesolution.com
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