PSY100H1 Study Guide - Obsessive–Compulsive Disorder, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Acute Stress Reaction

21 views6 pages
Published on 14 Apr 2013
School
UTSG
Department
Psychology
Course
PSY100H1
Professor
Abnormal Psych Review
Chapter 6: Anxiety Disorder
Anxiety
o Unpleasant feeling of fear and apprehension
o Stress
o Worry
o Inability to relax
o Fear of worst happening
Beck anxiety inventory
o 21-question multiple choice report inventory used for measuring the severity of an
individual’s anxiety
Anxiety Disorders
o Phobia
o Panic disorder
o Generalized anxiety disorder
o Obsessive-compulsive disorder
o Posttraumatic stress disorder
o Acute stress disorder
Phobias
o Disrupting, fear-mediated avoidance
o Out of proportion to the danger actually posed
o Recognized by the sufferer as groundless
o Must be accompanied by significant distress and disability
o Sharks aren`t relevant because we don’t live in a shark tank
o Closter phobia- greek word used as a suffix
o Acrophobia scared of heights
o Causation: depends on paradigm
Phobias-two types
o Specific phobia
Unwarranted fears caused by the presence or anticipation of a specific object or
situation
i.e, bllod injuries/ injection, situation specific, animal specific
o Social phobia
Persistent, irrational fear linked to the presence of other people
Hinder school and job
2 types of social phobia
Generalized: more severe impairment, great deal of comorbidity, early onset
o Therapies for Phobia
Behavioural approaches
Virtual reality (create hierarchy, safe, low drop out)
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 6 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Homeopathic treatment
Systematic desensitization
Flooding (Last resort, force person to face fear, touch handle)
o Panic Disorder
Panic Disorder
Sudden, inexplicable attack of symptoms
o Laboured breathing, heart palpations, nausea, chest pain,
feelings of choking and smothering, dizziness, sweating,
trembling, feelings of impending doom
o Variable in frequency (minutes)
Depersonalization
Derealization
Cued -caused by stimulus
Uncued or both- can’t just have cued
If only cued it is a phobia
Agoraphobia scared of leaving the house
o Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)
Chronic, uncontrollable worry about all manner of things
o Something bad is constantly going to happen to them
o Cognitive impairment, restless, very common in women
o Obsessive compulsive disorder
Obsessions
Intrusive and recurring thoughts, images, and impulses
Compulsions
Repetitive behaviour or mental act that the person feels driven to
perform to reduce the distress caused by the obsessions
o Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Extreme responses to a severe stressor
Re-experiencing the traumatic event such as
Avoidance of stimuli associated with the event or numbing of
responsiveness
Symptoms of increased arousal
Acute stress disorder
Stressor causes significant impairment in social or occupational
functioning for less than one month
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 6 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Anxiety: unpleasant feeling of fear and apprehension, stress, worry, fear of worst happening. Beck anxiety inventory: 21-question multiple choice report inventory used for measuring the severity of an individual"s anxiety. Anxiety disorders: phobia, panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, acute stress disorder. Unwarranted fears caused by the presence or anticipation of a specific object or situation i. e, bllod injuries/ injection, situation specific, animal specific: social phobia. Persistent, irrational fear linked to the presence of other people. Generalized: more severe impairment, great deal of comorbidity, early onset: therapies for phobia. Virtual reality (create hierarchy, safe, low drop out) Flooding (last resort, force person to face fear, touch handle: panic disorder. Sudden, inexplicable attack of symptoms: laboured breathing, heart palpations, nausea, chest pain, feelings of choking and smothering, dizziness, sweating, trembling, feelings of impending doom, variable in frequency (minutes) Uncued or both- can"t just have cued. Agoraphobia scared of leaving the house: generalized anxiety disorder.

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.