PSY100H1- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 82 pages long!)

290 views82 pages
UTSG
PSY100H1
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 82 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 82 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
PSY- Tophat Chapter Notes
Psychology: -the study of the psyhe soul, ody ad id dualism; the philosophical
position that the body and mind are separate entities
-combined of two unions; philosophy and physiology
-uses empiricism: knowledge that arises directly from what we observe/experience
- Basic Research attempt to understand the fundamental principles that govern behaviour
and mind
Specialties in Psychology:
- Abnormal psychology: how/why unusual maladaptive/incomplete behaviour patterns
develop from examining thoughts
- Cognitive psychology: how we process information; attention, perception, memory,
problem-solving, language, thought
- Comparative psychology: study of behaviour of non-human animals, which can be
compared to humans
- Developmental psychology: how we develop over our lifespans
- Behavioural neuroscience: how specific brain regions produce behaviour
- Personality psychology: studies individual differences in characteristic/traits
- Social psychology: ho e’re iflueed y social environments
Applied psychology: solving practical problems; consumer behaviour, educational, health,
industrial and political issues
-composed of multiple fields:
- Consumer behaviour
- Educational
- Forensic and legal
- Human factors improve usefulness for users
- Health improve long term health
- Industrial and organizational help organization improve member performance
- Political understanding role of psychology in politics
- School improve school experience for children
Applied research: done to discover new or effective ways to solve a problem
Applied practice: application of the technique translational research effort to translate
basic research into practical; bridge between basic research and applied practice
Clinical psychology: focuses on identifying, preventing and relieving distress (another form of
applied psychology); the most dominant type of work in psychology
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 82 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
clinical psychologist: focuses on identifying, preventing and relieving distress or dysfunction;
lack the training to prescribe medication
clinical neurologist: works in hospital settings, or alongside doctors to investigate how the brain
develops/reacts to certain diseases/medical procedures
psychiatrist: medical doctors that focus on the diagnosis/treatment of mental illness; focus on
pharmacotherapy (prescribing medication)
counseling psychologist: focus on helping people deal with ongoing life problems (marriage,
addiction)
Nativism: hypothesizes that some forms of knowledge are innate (natural) biological
determinism; contrasts the idea of empiricism (This is when nativism is taken to its extreme)
- Darwin played an important role in the development of psychology because of his
natural selection theory
Phrenology: the shape of the skull is a result of the brain structures beneath it; can tell a
perso’s etal apailities
Wilhelm Wundt: father of psychology, first psychologist
-established first psychological laboratory in Germany in 1879
-major area of study was mental experience/the mind
-came up with the method of introspection, which is used to understand components of oes’
mental processes; breaks down conscious experience into its most basic parts based off of
idiiduals’ o reports of feeligs/thoughts
-came up with the method of structuralism alongside one of his most successful students,
Edward Titchener; the first movement in psychology; self-reports of experience are the primary
form of evidence
-systematic introspection standardized the way conscious experiences were reported so it
could be compared to other experiences more effectively
William James: father of American psychology
-elieed that struturalis did’t proide isight ithout koig the futios of etal
structures
-came up with the method of functionalism: understanding the function of a behaviour/mental
process to understand how its parts ork together; ispired y Dari’s theory; opposed
structuralism
-Functionalism - you must first understand the function of a behavior or mental process in order
to understand how its parts work together
Gestalt psychology: understanding how people perceived a unified whole out of individual
elements of sensation; opposed structuralism as well
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 82 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Psychology: -the study of the (cid:862)psy(cid:272)he(cid:863) (cid:894)soul(cid:895), (cid:271)ody a(cid:374)d (cid:373)i(cid:374)d dualism; the philosophical position that the body and mind are separate entities. Uses empiricism: knowledge that arises directly from what we observe/experience. Basic research attempt to understand the fundamental principles that govern behaviour and mind. Abnormal psychology: how/why unusual maladaptive/incomplete behaviour patterns develop from examining thoughts. Cognitive psychology: how we process information; attention, perception, memory, problem-solving, language, thought. Comparative psychology: study of behaviour of non-human animals, which can be compared to humans. Developmental psychology: how we develop over our lifespans. Behavioural neuroscience: how specific brain regions produce behaviour. Personality psychology: studies individual differences in characteristic/traits. Social psychology: ho(cid:449) (cid:449)e"re i(cid:374)flue(cid:374)(cid:272)ed (cid:271)y social environments. Applied psychology: solving practical problems; consumer behaviour, educational, health, industrial and political issues. Human factors improve usefulness for users. Political understanding role of psychology in politics. School improve school experience for children. Industrial and organizational help organization improve member performance.

Get access

Grade+20% OFF
$8 USD/m$10 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Grade+
Homework Help
Study Guides
Textbook Solutions
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
Booster Class
40 Verified Answers