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Published on 10 Dec 2010
School
UTSG
Department
Psychology
Course
PSY100H1
Page:
of 9
Chapter One – The Evolution of Society
oContributions of Wundt and Hall
Wilhelm Wundt
-Established the first formal laboratory for research in
psychology.
-Declared that the new psychology should be a science
modeled after fields such as physics and chemistry.
-According to him, psychology’s primary focus was
consciousness the awareness of immediate experience.
-Psychology became the scientific study of conscious
experience.
-Demanded that the methods be as scientific as those of
chemists and physicists.
G. Stanley Hall
-Estalbished America’s first research laboratory in
psychology.
-Establisehd the American Psychological Association (APA).
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oStructuralism versus Functionalism
Structuralism
-Structuralism: psychology is to analyze consciousness into
its basic elements and investigate how these elements are
related.
-Structuralists wanted to identify and examine the
fundamental components of conscious experience, such as
sensations, feelings, and images.
-Introspection: careful, systematic self-observation of one’s
own conscious experience.
Functionalism
-Functionalism: psychology should investigate the function
of purpose of consciousness, rather than its structure.
-William James impressed with Charles Darwin’s natural
selection, heritable characteristics that provide a survival or
reproductive advantage are more likely than alternative
characteristics to be passed on to subsequent generations
and thus come to be selected over time.
-The typical characteristics of a species must serve some
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purpose.
-James argued that consciousness consists of a continuous
flow of thoughts stream of consciousness.
-Functionalists how people adapt their behavior to the
demands of the real world around them.
oWatson behaviorism
-Early 1900s, John B. Watson
-Behaviorism: theoretical orientation based on the premise
that scientific psychology should study only observable
behavior.
-Power of the scientific method rested on the idea of
verifiability.
-Behavior any overt (observable) response or activity by an
organism.
-Watson each is made not born. Down-played the
importance of heredity, maintaining that behavior is governed
primarily by environment.
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Document Summary

Chapter one the evolution of society: contributions of wundt and hall. Established the first formal laboratory for research in psychology. Declared that the new psychology should be a science modeled after fields such as physics and chemistry. According to him, psychology"s primary focus was consciousness the awareness of immediate experience. Psychology became the scientific study of conscious experience. Demanded that the methods be as scientific as those of chemists and physicists: stanley hall. Estalbished america"s first research laboratory in psychology. Establisehd the american psychological association (apa). www. notesolution. com: structuralism versus functionalism. Structuralism: psychology is to analyze consciousness into its basic elements and investigate how these elements are related. Structuralists wanted to identify and examine the fundamental components of conscious experience, such as sensations, feelings, and images. Introspection: careful, systematic self-observation of one"s own conscious experience. Functionalism: psychology should investigate the function of purpose of consciousness, rather than its structure. The typical characteristics of a species must serve some www. notesolution. com purpose.