PSY345 CHAPTER 10 COMMUNICATION DISORDERS.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY100H1
Professor
Sissi Chen
Semester
Winter

Description
CHAPTER 10 COMMUNICATION DISORDERS  Communication one of most complicated processes: speech& language2 highly interrelated components of communication  Communication: exchange of ideas, opinions & facts b/w senders & receivers- sender composes & transmit message & receiver decodes & understands message (senders & receivers partners in communication process)  Speech &language not same thing  Speech: audible rep of language-1 way of expressing language  Language reps message contained in speech- manual sign language, written communication, spoken language (which is also speech)  can have language without speech (sign language) & speech without language- speech of birds that trained to talk STRUCTURE OF LANGUAGE 1) PHONOLOGY: system of speech sounds one utters- rules regarding how sounds can be used & combined- C A T has 3 phonemes 2) SYNTAX: rules governing sentence structure, word order & sequence- how words combined in phrases & sentences (e.g. Will you help Janice vs. You will help Janice- changes meaning) 3) MORPHOLOGY: smallest unit of meaning- form & internal structure of words- transformation of words in terms of tense, number etc..  e.g. present to past tense with –ed, singular to plural with –s)- CAT S – 2 units of meaning – concept of cat & concept of plural  involves prefixes, suffixes, inflection 4) GRAMMAR: combination of syntax & morphology 5) SEMANTICS: understanding of language- meaning- whether speaker’s intended message is conveyed by words &
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