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Lecture Four Part 1 Associative types of learning. Discussed the difference between learning and conditioning, how classical conditioning works with various examples (dogs, rats, a clockwork orange, eye blink reflexes) Length: 4 pages, 1867 words and fou

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Martin Ralph

Lecture FourToday we are talking about associative types of learning Think back to first lecture when we introduced the concept of learning by taking a look at the definitions we accept for learning and for conditioning There are certain examples of conditioning that filled the definition we generally hold for learning So the question is whether or not there is really a difference between these two concepts and terms The difference between learning and conditioning becomes an operational one Conditioning is any sort of change that occurs which reflects the experience that something has had We can look at synapses and the like for examples of this Could we potentially use the definition of learning and apply it to these things a cardiovascular system that has learned for example Learning is a change in a system a neural or behavioural one that reflects the experience that system has had So would you call conditioning of the cardiovascular system as learning Or would a synapse change be considered learning In most cases probably not even though learning is defined as a change through experience This is where the debate lies and at this point we consider that there is simple gray area between learning and conditioning What IS nonassociative learning though Non associative learning usually refers to conditioning Think about things that you do that dont require associations to be made in time in space A change still occurs however because it is necessary and the organism is adapting This is known as conditioning Sometimes it is also called learning What are associative types of learning or conditioning Associative types of conditioning or learning are defined operationally as something that we can use and recall We learn something because we can recall a time when we have learned it We have a sense of change within us Can we for example look within ourselves and say that the cardiovascular system has learned Do we recall a time when it has learned Do we feel a sense of change Can we use and recall this change in the cardiovascular system Probably not seeing as it has simply been conditioned to deal with the bodies new environment So when we look at something through its operation we have an intuitive sense of what learning and conditioning is even though the definitions in the book kind of overlap the twoWhat is conditioning in the classical sense Conditioning begins early on in utero Learning is going to start soon afterwards This is a time when the nervous system is developing and the blank slate is trying to understand what is important to perceive in the world and what background noise is We are built to acquire information of the outside word while not living in the outside world How does associative or classical conditioning relate to Pavlovian conditioning Associativeclassical conditioning is the same as Pavlovian conditioning It is also technically a part of operant conditioning if you look close enough
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