Criminal justice system: stages through which the offender passes, including police, courts and corrections. Intimate violence: crime that occurs in the context of familiarity, such a spousal abuse, child abuse, or elder abuse. Criminology: the scientific study of the nature, extent, cause and control of criminal behaviour. Criminologist: one who brings objectivity and method to the study of crime and its consequences. Deviant behaviour: behaviour that departs from or doesn"t conform to social norms, but isn"t defined as a crime by the law (e. g. sunbathing nude) Decriminalization: reducing the penalty for a criminal act, and its illegality. Utilitarianism: a view that punishment should be balanced and fair, and that crime is a rational choice. Classical criminology: people have free will, choose to commit crime for reasons of need/greed, and can be controlled only by fear/threat of criminal sanctions and if punishments are swift and severe they will control criminal behaviour.