SOC101 Complete Course Notes 2012-2013

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University of Toronto St. George
Sarah Finkelstein

SOC101FINAL EXAM NOTESNew Society 1 6 8 9 14 16 17 18 19 20Society in Question 21 22SLDI 3 51wwwnotesolutioncomNew Society Chapter 1Introducing SociologyThe Sociological Explanation of SuicideEmilie Durkheim French sociologistsuicide is more than an individual act of desperation resulting from psychological disorder suicide rates are strongly influenced by social forcesoExamined association between rates of suicide and rates of psychological disorder in different groupsMore women than men in insane asylums more male suicidewomen involved more in social relations or family lifeJews highest rate of psychological disorder lowest suicide ratepersecution has formed them into a tightly bonded groupSuicides occur more frequently in older peoplemore likely to be living aloneMarried adults half as likely than unmarried adults to commit suicidemarriage creates social ties and moral cementoSuicide rates and rates of psychological disorder did not vary proportionately oRates vary because of differences in degree of social solidaritythe more a groups member share beliefs and values the more social solidarity there is in the groupoAs the level of social solidarity increases the suicide rate declines Then beyond a certain point it starts to rise1Altruistic suicideoccur in high solidarity settings occurs when norms tightly govern behaviour so individual actions are usually in group interest2Egoistic suicidelack of integration of the individual into society because of weak social ties3Anomic suicidenorms governing behaviour are vaguely definedoA persons likelihood of committing suicide decreases with the degree to which he or she is anchored in societySuicide in Canada today2wwwnotesolutioncomoDifference between Durkheims France and contemporary Canadayouth suicide used to be extremely rare and suicide among working age people was uncommonoRates do not increase steadily with age in Canada Highest among people over the age of 84oShared moral principles and strong social ties have decreased since 1960s for canadas youthReligious group attendance decreasedUnemployment higherRate of divorce increasedoLevel of social solidarity is now lower than it was a few decades ago for young peopleLess firmly rooted in societyLess likely to share moral standardsMore likely to take their own livesSocial StructuresPatterns of social relations affect your thoughts feelings actions and who you areSocial structuresrelatively stable patterns of social relationsSociologists main taskidentify and explain the connection between peoples personal troubles and the social structures in which people are embedded3 levels of social structure1MicrostructuresoThe patterns of relatively intimate social relations formed during face to face interactionoFamilies friendship circles and work associations are all microstructuresoThe people you know well are likely to know many of the same people2MacrostructuresoOverarching patterns of social relations that lie outside and above ones circle of intimates and acquaintancesoInclude classes bureaucracies power systems such as patriarchy the traditional system of economic and political inequality between women and men in most societies 3Global StructuresoPatterns of social relations that lie outside and above the national level3wwwnotesolutioncom
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