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Test 1_SAMPLE_Redacted.pdf

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Lorne Tepperman

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Sociology 102 Fall 2012 Test 1 Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question Indicate your answer by blacking in the relevant box on the SCANTRON sheet Be sure to print your name and student number clearly on the answer sheet Part A According to the lectures 1 Snippens SNPNS in this course refers to a Political policies that create and sustain inequality b Social practices that cut some people out of social activities c Forms of economic explanation that rely on cutting salaries d Habitual practices and narratives we use to enact inequality e Social movements that battle inequality2 The example of Ms Jones fourth grade classroom illustrates the fact that a There is no perfect unambiguous definition of fairness b In any situation there is a single fair definition of fairness c Inequality in schools causes inequality in society as a whole d Inequality exists in every domain even when teachers are very fair e Even fourth graders learn what they need to know about inequality3 The statement that sociologists are interested in how people invent or construct unnatural inequalities meansa inequalities are the fictional creation of revolutionaries b there is no such thing as natural inequalities c inequalities are the invention of poor people d inequality is more beneficial than damaging to society e inequalities must be justified and performed SAMPLE TEST 4 Habits of inequality tend to be strengthened by ALL of the following cultural patterns EXCEPT a Socialization b Secularism c Militarismd Traditionalism e Religiosity5 Harry Braverman argues that evidence from the twentieth century suggests a With increasing specialization work has become more skilled and complex b for most people work has become more degraded brainless and alienating c handwork cannot be compared to headwork in a sociological analysis of classes1 thd the 19 century Marxist analysis of class inequality was incorrect e social classes dont really exist in the workplace under modern capitalism6 Webers notion of domination was important because it stressed that a power exists only when there is social inequality b power has little to do with economic exploitation and everything to do with religion c domination is a power relationship that implies voluntary compliance or obedience d domination is a power relationship that requires coercion and involuntary submission e married women get the kind of treatment they ask for or willingly submit to 7 One important thing that distinguishes disadvantaged social classes from other disadvantaged groups eg women racial minorities is that a Social classes do not tend to include other disadvantaged groups b As long as teachers are fair students do not experience inequality c Social classes have no easytospot distinguishing features d Members of the working class are unaware of the class consciousness e Unemployed people do not belong to classes whatever their race or gender8 Narratives of blame like the socalled culture of poverty are a Used by disadvantaged groups to blame powerful groups for social inequality b Bedtime stories that wealthy parents tell their children to scare them c Morality tales that religious leaders use in sermons to motivate hard work TESTd Socially constructed accounts that attach social or moral qualities to different groups e Sociohistorical accounts of the evolution of inequality9 According to Pierre Bourdieu cultural capital can be defined as a A major world city such as Paris or New York that is rich in art galleries museums orchestras and other high culture b Any resource that has highenough status that people will trade their financial capital to gain it eg a Mercedes Benz auto c Social network connections that can be used to get ahead in ones career d Monetary assets that can be used to culture oneself for the purpose of upward social mobility e Nonfinancial social assets that promote upward social mobility SAMPLE10 The second demographic transition refers toa a transition to individualized liberalized relations between consenting adultsb a gradual decline in fertility that results from the gradual decline in mortality c a sudden rise in childbearing like the Baby Boom that results from uncontrolled sex d the balancing out of a nations fertility and mortality rates e the transition to a secularized capitalist society in developing countries11 Edward Saids concept of Orientalism is important because it highlights a The misconceptions about Western thought in the East b the historical development of ethnic conflicts tensions and inequalities c the social construction of ethnic stereotypes and differences2
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