Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Indicate
your answer by blacking in the relevant box on the SCANTRON sheet. Be sure to print your
name and student number clearly on the answer sheet.
Part A: According to the material in Social Problems and Starting Points,
1. Social problems are defined __________.
a. as both conditions and processes*
b. as based only on objective factors
c. according to social but not historical context
d. similarly by all sociologists
2. The term sociological imagination __________.
a. was coined by economic/political philosopher Karl Marx
b. refers to the ability to connect one's personal life and the social world *
c. emphasizes private troubles as opposed to public issues
d. emphasizes public issues rather than private troubles
3. Macrosociology __________.
a. focuses on interactions between individuals
b. investigates people's understandings of social problems at the local level
c. explores the ways in which processes and social trends within organizations and
institutions affect the population as a whole*
d. has been criticized for its failure to explain social processes
4. Microsociology ________.
a. explores the ways in which large-scale processes and social trends affect the population
b. focuses on interactions between different cultural groups
c. investigates people's understanding and experience of social problems at the local level*
d. has a similar approach to the one used in psychology
5. In studying social problems, sociologists ________.
a. often think of themselves as engaged in a moral enterprise to improve human societies
through social change*
b. focus on correcting problems because they believe it is not possible to prevent them
c. should not be guided by value preferences
d. often produce research that promotes the existing social order
1 6. According to the Thomas dictum, ________.
a. it is peoples subjective view of realityand not reality itselfthat shapes their behaviour*
b. ideas, beliefs, and views are infinitely flexible and always open to interpersonal influence
c. the people who are involved in and affected by a social problem are to blame for their
d. social problems are revealed by declines in population health
7. Claims-making ________.
a. is a process that allows the people who are involved with a social problem to explain and
justify their position
b. relies on common rhetorical idioms that reflect and legitimize core cultural values*
c. is only practiced by the media and interest groups
d. is a process by which religious leaders express their values
8. Two or more individuals who have a specific common identity and interact in a reciprocal
social relationship form a social _______.
9. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
a. Whistle-blowers will only come forward and speak out if their own immediate interests
will not be at risk.*
b. Moral panics are described by sociologists as short-lived, intense periods of concern.
c. Folk devils is the term used to describe the people responsible for moral panics.
d. The original goal of the organization FARM was to eliminate the use of cows, pigs, and
chickens as human food.
10. According to Mertons strain theory, people who are disadvantaged will ________.
a. experience reasonable levels of happiness and life satisfaction
b. feel motivated to challenge and overcome their oppression
c. only take action through traditional, socially-acceptable means
d. be more likely to innovate new ways to achieve desired ends *
11. Psychologists who study social problems are mainly interested in _______.
a. genetic, hormonal, neurological, and physiological processes
b. cognitive and perceptual processes*
c. macro-level analysis at a societal level
d. group relations and culture
2 12. A major microsociological approach is the _______.
a. structural functionalist perspective
b. critical perspective
c. feminist perspective
d. symbolic interactionist perspective*
13. Which of the following approaches views society as a set of interconnected elements that
operate together in equilibrium to maintain the overall stability and efficiency of the whole?
a. structural functionalism*
b. conflict theory
c. symbolic interactionism
d. labelling theory
14. Anomie refers to _______.
a. a process that blames people who are involved with a social problem
b. the meanings and lifestyles constructed by human populations
c. weak or conflicting social norms*
d. the ideas our culture promotes about success and failure
15. According to the structural functionalist perspective, the general solution to social problems
a. strengthening social norms and slowing the pace of social change*
b. abolishing differences based on social class
c. mobilizing for action, and developing and implementing an official plan
d. connecting micro-level activities and macrosociological forces
16. Marxist conflict theory argues that social problems stem from _______.
a. the failure of institutions to achieve their goals during times of change
c. the ways in which certain behaviours are socially constructed
d. economic inequalities between the elite and the working class*
17. A main criticism of Marxist theory is that ________.
a. it assumes a high degree of consensus among members of society
b. social problems may exist even if they are not recognized as problems
c. it does not take into account macrosociological forces
d. it overemphasizes the importance of economic inequality at the expense of other types of
18. ________ was one of the first theorists to elaborate on the symbolic interactionist paradigm.
a. Karl Marx
b. Georg Simmel*
c. Robert Merton
d. mile Durkheim
3 19. Labelling theory ________.
a. originates from the conflict perspective
b. claims a given activity becomes a social problem when defined as such*
c. was first formulated by mile Durkheim
d. argues that social institutions perform both manifest and latent functions
20. According to the _________, the fragmentation of urban life leads to a decrease in shared
experiences and urban people must work out their social lives within this framework of
distinct, isolated, and isolating experiences.
a. population health perspective
b. symbolic interactionist perspective*
c. conflict theorists
d. structural functionalists
21. Functionalists argue that __________.
a. a rigid division of labour between men and women is the most efficient way for society to
carry out production and reproduction*
b. men have traditionally been better served by gender inequality
c. gender inequality has many different meanings, depending on your perspective and your
d. gender inequality is dysfunctional for societies and their members
22. The sexual double standard means that ________.
a. some women are stigmatized for deviant sexual behaviour more than other women
b. despite biological differences, men and women are expected to behave in much the same
way when it comes to sexuality
c. men have traditionally been allowed more sexual freedom than women*
d. women are less stigmatized for same-sex behavior
23. Most feminists take a ________ position when explaining the existence of gender
c. social abolitionist
d. social constructionist *
24. Liberal feminists are likely to argue that _________.
a. ensuring that women have equal access to education and paid employment will
eventually result in gender equality *
b. patriarchy is a universal culture
c. there is no single solution for gender inequality because there is no essential, universal
d. direct political action and radical social change are required to adequately address gender