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SOC102H1 Study Guide - Final Guide: Chinese Head Tax In Canada, Glass Ceiling, Plebs

Course Code
Lorne Tepperman
Study Guide

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Sociology 102
Summer Session
Test #1
Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Indicate
your answer by blacking in the relevant box on the SCANTRON sheet. Be sure to print your
name and student number clearly on the answer sheet.
Part A: According to the material in Social Problems and Starting Points,
1. Social problems are defined __________.
a. as both conditions and processes*
b. as based only on objective factors
c. according to social but not historical context
d. similarly by all sociologists
2. The term “sociological imagination” __________.
a. was coined by economic/political philosopher Karl Marx
b. refers to the ability to connect one's personal life and the social world *
c. emphasizes private troubles as opposed to public issues
d. emphasizes public issues rather than private troubles
3. Macrosociology __________.
a. focuses on interactions between individuals
b. investigates people's understandings of social problems at the local level
c. explores the ways in which processes and social trends within organizations and
institutions affect the population as a whole*
d. has been criticized for its failure to explain social processes
4. Microsociology ________.
a. explores the ways in which large-scale processes and social trends affect the population
b. focuses on interactions between different cultural groups
c. investigates people's understanding and experience of social problems at the local level*
d. has a similar approach to the one used in psychology
5. In studying social problems, sociologists ________.
a. often think of themselves as engaged in a moral enterprise to improve human societies
through social change*
b. focus on correcting problems because they believe it is not possible to prevent them
through change
c. should not be guided by value preferences
d. often produce research that promotes the existing social order

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6. According to the „Thomas dictum,‟ ________.
a. it is people‟s subjective view of reality–and not reality itselfthat shapes their behaviour*
b. ideas, beliefs, and views are infinitely flexible and always open to interpersonal influence
c. the people who are involved in and affected by a social problem are to blame for their
d. social problems are revealed by declines in population health
7. Claims-making ________.
a. is a process that allows the people who are involved with a social problem to explain and
justify their position
b. relies on common rhetorical idioms that reflect and legitimize core cultural values*
c. is only practiced by the media and interest groups
d. is a process by which religious leaders express their values
8. Two or more individuals who have a specific common identity and interact in a reciprocal
social relationship form a social _______.
a. tetrad
b. norm
c. community
d. group*
9. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
a. Whistle-blowers will only come forward and speak out if their own immediate interests
will not be at risk.*
b. Moral panics are described by sociologists as short-lived, intense periods of concern.
c. „Folk devils‟ is the term used to describe the people responsible for moral panics.
d. The original goal of the organization FARM was to eliminate the use of cows, pigs, and
chickens as human food.
10. According to Merton‟s strain theory, people who are disadvantaged will ________.
a. experience reasonable levels of happiness and life satisfaction
b. feel motivated to challenge and overcome their oppression
c. only take action through traditional, socially-acceptable means
d. be more likely to innovate new ways to achieve desired ends *
11. Psychologists who study social problems are mainly interested in _______.
a. genetic, hormonal, neurological, and physiological processes
b. cognitive and perceptual processes*
c. macro-level analysis at a societal level
d. group relations and culture

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12. A major microsociological approach is the _______.
a. structural functionalist perspective
b. critical perspective
c. feminist perspective
d. symbolic interactionist perspective*
13. Which of the following approaches views society as a set of interconnected elements that
operate together in equilibrium to maintain the overall stability and efficiency of the whole?
a. structural functionalism*
b. conflict theory
c. symbolic interactionism
d. labelling theory
14. Anomie refers to _______.
a. a process that blames people who are involved with a social problem
b. the meanings and lifestyles constructed by human populations
c. weak or conflicting social norms*
d. the ideas our culture promotes about success and failure
15. According to the structural functionalist perspective, the general solution to social problems
involves ______.
a. strengthening social norms and slowing the pace of social change*
b. abolishing differences based on social class
c. mobilizing for action, and developing and implementing an official plan
d. connecting micro-level activities and macrosociological forces
16. Marxist conflict theory argues that social problems stem from _______.
a. the failure of institutions to achieve their goals during times of change
b. anomie
c. the ways in which certain behaviours are socially constructed
d. economic inequalities between the elite and the working class*
17. A main criticism of Marxist theory is that ________.
a. it assumes a high degree of consensus among members of society
b. social problems may exist even if they are not recognized as problems
c. it does not take into account macrosociological forces
d. it overemphasizes the importance of economic inequality at the expense of other types of
18. ________ was one of the first theorists to elaborate on the symbolic interactionist paradigm.
a. Karl Marx
b. Georg Simmel*
c. Robert Merton
d. Émile Durkheim
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