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Exam study sheets for VIS120

Victoria College Courses
Course Code
Lisa Steele
Study Guide

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Exam Study Sheets
Cubism (1907-1925)
Key Concepts
Simultaneous vision, more information is depicted than would be perceived from any one angle
Perspective flattened onto a 2D plane (rather than the traditional imitation of the 3D world)
Fragmented images
Canvas as a space for the mind rather than a space for reality
Rejection of colour, movement, light
Synthetic Cubism was more accessible; used collage and papier colle
(allowed the addition of colour without causing 3D perspective), more colours, less fragmentation
Calls the viewer to analyze strange images in a world that is becoming increasingly strange
Monochrome palettes
Careful balance between abstraction and representation
First mass-produced camera, the Brownie, was introduced
oThis freed artists to be unrealistic in their work
Paris: political and national movements, women’s rights and suffrage
Picasso was inspired by African masks
Parisian movement
Received with unanimous shock
Main Artists: Picasso, Braque, Gris
De Stijl or Neo-plasticism (1917-1931)
Key Concepts
Only existing colours are: red, blue, yellow; a three colour primary system
oYellow: the movement of the ray; Blue: the firmament, the contrast to yellow; Red: the mating of yellow
and blue

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Dutch for The Style’
Neo-plasticism means the new plastic art
Express universal harmony and order
Simple forms: vertical and horizontal line
Focuses on the relationship between positive and negative elements in an arrangement of non-objective lines and
oFree-floating planes in space
oThe horizontal line as the ‘line of domesticity’
oPrimary colours arranged in a black linear frame
oLow relief
Neo-platonic philosophy of the mathematician: Dr. Schoenmakers
oWrote about the primary colour system
Architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright
oEmphasis of the horizontal line
Netherlands remained relatively neutral in WW1—isolated from other art movements
Dutch movement
Main Artists: Mondrian, Rietveld
Futurism (1909-1944)
Key Concepts
Beauty exists in struggle
Glorified war and violence
Glorified the machine and technology; mechanical movement and noise, light, metropolis, urban pleasure-seeking
Dismissal of women
Idea before style

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Art must be bold; tested the possibility that art could be used to represent non-visual aspects of the environment
as well as the visual
Words in freedom: free-floating text
Technological triumph of humanity over nature
Divisionism technique for colour: breaking of colour into stippled dots and lines
Created by Marinetti in 1909 with his publication of the Futurist Manifesto
Influenced by Cubism: fragmentation; however they moved away from the monochromatic palette of the Cubists
Post-WW1 and pre-WW2
oPolitical upheavals of war
oForced migrations
Pre-dominantly Italian; spread to Russia
Many Futurists were nationalists; also a literary movement
Wave of new inventions: Model T Ford, toaster, tungsten light bulb, etc
oFuturism was greatly influenced by new inventions
Died off with the death of Marinetti
Key Artists: Marinetti, Balla, Boccioni, Bragaglia
Suprematism (1915-1933)
Key Concepts
Art should not satisfy material needs
Art should be objective and spiritual
Art should not have a purpose
Pure representation of feelings
Works of art are products of the subconscious (the superconscious)
oMalevich stated that the picture plane was a place for the superconscious and art was its manifestation
The square: the basic suprematist element, never found in nature
White represents the limitless reaches of outer space
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