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University of Toronto St. George
Woodsworth College Courses
William Watson

Tyler Procedural Justice, Legitimacy and the Effective Rule of Law -key factors shaping public behaviour is the fairness of the processes legal authorities to use when dealing with members of the public -ability of the legal system to encourage general compliance with the law and cooperation with the police -such laws need generally to be widely obeyed by members of the public in their everyday lives -fairness of the process by which legal authorities make decisions and treat members of the public is highly important Procedural Elements quality of decision making, quality of treatment process based judgements procedural justice, motive-based trust supportive values (legitimacy) and immediate decision acceptance general cooperation, long term decision acceptance, compliance, cooperation, empowerment -while the police can, and often do compel obedience through the threat or use of force, they can also gain the cooperation of the people with whom they deal through buying in -people are more likely to consent and cooperate if they feel that they have been treated fairly -our concern is that people will naturally resist the efforts of legal authorities to restrict and regulate their behaviour -in the immediate presence of a police officer, or when in court in front of a judge, people are likely to comply with the decisions made by these legal authorities -the legal system seeks to promote three types of desirable general behaviour among the public: compliance with the law, cooperation with legal authorities and support for the empowerment of the law -tapping into peoples desire to see justice done -the quality of their interpersonal treatment by the authorities, whether they feel they are being treated with dignity and respect Quality of decision making, Quality of treatment, Actions understandable, Social bonds procedural justice, motive-based trust, outcome favourableness, fairness, predictability -people are more trusting of the motives of others whose actions they feel they can understand or with whom they feel they have shared social bonds Instrumental models of behaviour Risk - people as rational self-interested actors, want to minimize their personal costs and maximize their attainment of rewards when dealing with others Performance - authorities as being able to manage problems in their community Distributive justice whether the police fairly distribute police services, providing equal protection to all -public behaviour is rooted in evaluations of the legitimacy of the police and courts Assessment of Procedural Justice summary judgements of procedural justice, inferences of motive-based trust, judgements about the fairness of decision making, judgements about the fairness of interpersonal treatment -procedural justice leads to compliance over time -legitimacy is the property that a rule or an authority has when others feel obligated to defer voluntarily authority regarded by people as entitled to have their decisions and rules accepted and followed by others Legitimacy has two positive influences on policing people who view the police to be legitimate are generally more willing to defer to the directives of officers; and people who view the police to be legitimate evaluate particular officers in more strongly procedural terms -racial profiling will lead the public to show less support for the police -attributions of racial profiling undermine the legitimacy and support for the police and thus negatively affects the publics compliance and cooperation with police authorities -people are less likely to infer that they are being profiled if police make their decisions in neutral, objective, consistent ways -if police treat people fairly and politely, they are also less likely to think they are being profiled -if people judge that police profiling is widespread, they make more negative evaluations Restorative Justice police and courts should behave in ways that restore people to law-following behaviour -it does not focus on shame, it focuses on obligation and responsibility however they are both aspects of internal motivation -focuses on feelings of obligation and responsibility to authorities -moral values lead to guilt when a person violates his own personal standards of right and wrong -citizens value policing involvement with them in order to solve crimes and support bikepedestrian officers more because they are more equal and appear as helpers and friends -findings suggest that people would like to improve policecitizen relationships
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