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History 2403E Study Guide - Final Guide: Tennis Court Oath, Radical Change, Social Change

Course Code
HIS 2403E
Jeffrey Temple
Study Guide

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The French Revolution Exam Notes
The Old Regime
After Louis XIV had struggle to centralize power
Louis XIV left France heavily in debt
Causes of the French Revolution
Weak leadership
Political weakness
Lots unemployed
Nobles against monarch as well
Steps Leading Up to the Revolution
King Louis XVI realized that his government had failed
Called the estates general to prepare their cahiers expressing their
First and second estates wanted a constitution and to keep estates how they
were, each estate equally represented
Third estates wanted more radical change, social equality, and
representation based on population
Third Estate founded national assembly swore tennis court oath which was
the first outlaw action
Passed The Declaration of the Rights of Man, which reflected many
enlightenment values such as equality and liberty
Removed a lot of power from king
Constitutional Monarchy
Constitutional monarchy= political change
Limited monarchy with constitutional checks
Social change including nobles losing power
Civil constitution of the clergy (swear oath to revolution over church)
Constitution of 1791
1792- War and the Second Revolution
Some of the difficulties the new assembly faced were the economy,
international, and domestic threats.
War was declared on enemies of the revolution
Led by French citizens believing that the legislative assembly was not
governing properly
The French Revolution and Rights
Women began to fight for and receive more rights
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