Psychology 2040 Study Guide - Final Guide: Social Order, Physical Abuse, Sulky

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Published on 2 Jun 2020
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CHAPTER 14
THE FAMILY
MULTIPLE CHOICE
1) Compared with other species, human children
A) develop faster.
B) are more attached to their family.
C) are more independent.
D) develop slowly.
Answer: D
Page Ref: 567
Skill: Remember
Objective: 14.1
2) Which of the following descriptions defines the family in its most common form?
A) a group of people, related by blood, who divide responsibilities, such as child rearing, food provision, and
protection
B) a commitment between two adults who pledge faithfulness to each other
C) a mother giving birth to her children and providing food and shelter until the age of 18
D) an enduring commitment between a man and woman who feed, shelter, and nurture their children until they
reach maturity
Answer: D
Page Ref: 568
Skill: Understand
Objective: 14.1
3) To provide protection against starvation at times when game was scarce, the human family pattern of our evolutionary
past
A) developed into a female-dominated subculture whose sole purpose was continued existence of the species.
B) purposely limited the number of children within each family unit in order to make food supplies last as long as
possible.
C) enhanced survival by ensuring a relatively even balance of male hunters and female gatherers within a social
group.
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D) developed expanded kinship groups that were willing to sacrifice themselves for individual members.
Answer: C
Page Ref: 568
Skill: Understand
Objective: 14.1
4) From an evolutionary perspective, an extended relationship between a man and a woman increased male certainty that
her baby was actually his offspring, which
A) motivated him to care and provide for mother and child.
B) ensured consistent sexual activity, which increased chances of survival.
C) proved to the tribal elders that the couple was committed to child rearing.
D) decreased male competition for mates among tribal groups.
Answer: A
Page Ref: 568
Skill: Understand
Objective: 14.1
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5) Which function of the family unit of our evolutionary ancestors was responsible for training the young to become
competent, participating group members?
A) reproduction
B) socialization
C) economic services
D) social order
Answer: B
Page Ref: 568
Skill: Remember
Objective: 14.1
6) Why have the functions of the family changed over time?
A) Most household functions were replaced with technology when both parents began working outside of the
home.
B) As societies became more complex, the demands placed on the family became too much for it to sustain alone,
so other institutions developed to assist with certain functions.
C) As family size decreased, children had to take on more adult responsibility.
D) The discovery of electricity allowed families more time together in the evening, which increased the need for
family communication and emotional understanding.
Answer: B
Page Ref: 568
Skill: Understand
Objective: 14.1
7) Societal order responsibilities that were once a function of the family are now assumed by
A) schools.
B) political and legal institutions.
C) farms and stores.
D) churches.
Answer: B
Page Ref: 568
Skill: Remember
Objective: 14.2
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