Study Guides (390,000)
CA (150,000)
Western (10,000)
PSYCH (2,000)
Final

Psychology 1000 Chapter Notes - Chapter 14: Fundamental Attribution Error, Depressive Realism, Stereotype ThreatExam


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH 1000
Professor
Laura Lyn Fazakas Dehoog
Study Guide
Final

This preview shows pages 1-3. to view the full 30 pages of the document.
Chapter 13
Student: ___________________________________________________________________________
1.
Consider the following scenario: when discussing her recent grades, Sherri indicated that she did
very well in Math and attributes her success to studying very hard. Even though she studied
equally hard for Chemistry, Sherri failed the exam but explains this failure in terms of her unfair
professor.
This is an example of:
A.
primacy effect
B.
stereotype threat
C.
self-serving bias
D.
fundamental attribution error
E.
2.
The text makes an important distinction between ___________, which refers to a negative attitude
toward people based on their membership in a group, and ___________, which is concerned with
actually treating people unfairly based on their group membership.
A.
attribution; stereotype
B.
stereotype; prejudice
C.
prejudice; stereotype
D.
prejudice; discrimination
E.
discrimination; prejudice

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

3.
You are conducting a conformity experiment patterned after the one utilized by Solomon Asch.
Under which of the following conditions would you expect conformity to be the highest (i.e., the
most people will conform)?
A.
when there are four confederates in the group
B.
when financial incentives are offered for correct answers on an easy task
C.
when there are two confederates in the group
D.
when there is at least one dissenter in the group
E.
both when two people are in the group AND when there is at least one dissenter in the group
about equally
4.
Based on the findings of Milgram's research, which of the following led to the greatest decrease
in harmful obedience in the study?
A.
when the "teacher" actually administered the "shock"
B.
when the "teacher" actually touched the student
C.
when the "teacher" stood closer to the student
D.
when the "teacher" was solely responsible for the outcome
E.
when the "student" complained about heart problems

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

5.
Suppose that someone has just opened a new night club and you freely choose to carry a big,
obnoxious, heavy sign advertising this business around campus for three hours on a very hot
day. According to _____________, you would probably rate this activity as the most enjoyable (or
the least boring) if someone paid you _____ to do it.
A.
the cognitive dissonance theory; $1
B.
the self-fulfilling prophecy; $25
C.
the norm of reciprocity; $1
D.
the cognitive dissonance theory; $25
E.
the norm of reciprocity; $25
6.
Self-perception theory asserts that
A.
people's attitudes are predictive of their future behaviour when cognitive dissonance is low.
B.
people infer their attitudes from watching their own behaviours, just as they do when watching
others.
C.
people are more likely to change their attitudes when they perceive that their behaviours have
been coerced.
D.
people tend to attribute their own behaviours to external causes, while they tend to attribute
the behaviour of others to internal causes.
E.
people tend to attribute their successes to internal factors, but attribute their failures to external
factors.
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version