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Psych 2042A Final Exam Terms

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Psychology 2042A/B
Jeff St Pierre

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Psychology 2042B Final Exam Terminology Chapter 13: Eating Disorders and Related Conditions Anorexia Nervosa: a severe eating disorder characterized by the refusal to maintain a minimally normal body weight, an intense fear of gaining weight, and a significant disturbance in the individual’s perception and experiences of his or her own size Binge: episode of overeating that involves both excessive amounts of food and a lack of control Binge Eating Disorder (BED): a disorder that involves periods of excessive eating with a feeling of a loss of control. It is similar to binge eating but without the compensatory behaviours and has become increasingly widespread during this age of fast food abundance and obesity Binge-Eating/Purging Type: a type of anorexia whereby the individual regularly engages in episodes of binge eating or purging, or both Bulimia Nervosa: an eating disorder that involves recurrent episodes of binge eating, followed by an effort to compensate by self-induced vomiting or other means of purging. Individuals with bulimia are also unduly influenced by body shape and weight, and are obsessed with food Childhood Obesity: a chronic medical condition characterized by an excessive accumulation of body fat relative to gender- and age-based norms Compensatory Behaviours: behaviour shown by persons suffering from bulimia nervosa to prevent weight gain following a binge episode. Compensatory behaviours include self-induced vomiting, fasting, exercising, and the misuse of diuretics, laxatives, enemas, or diet pills Drive for Thinness: a motivational variable underlying dieting and body image, among young females in particular, whereby the individual believes that losing more weight is the answer to overcoming her troubles and achieving success Eating Attitudes: a person’s belief that cultural standards for attractiveness, body image, and social acceptance are closely tied to the ability to control one’s diet and weight gain Eating Disorder, Not Otherwise Specified (EDNOS): a category of eating disorders that includes problems that do not quite fulfill criteria for anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa. The EDNOS category is less stringent than DSM-IV-TR criteria for anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa, and therefore is sometimes more appropriate for adolescents Failure to Thrive (FTT): characterized by weight below the fifth percentile for age, and/or deceleration in the rate of weight gain from birth to the present of at least 2 SD’s, using standard growth charts for comparison Feeding Disorder of Infancy or Early Childhood: a disorder characterized by a sudden or maked deceleration of weight gain in an infant or a young child (under age 6) and a slowing or disruption of emotional and social development Psychology 2042B Final Exam Terminology Metabolic Rate: the body’s balance of energy expenditure. Metabolic rate is determined by genetic and physiological makeup, along with eating and exercise habits Pica: a form of eating disorder in which the infant or toddler persists in eating inedible, non-nutritive substances. This disorder is one of the more common and usually less serious eating disorders found among very young children Purging: behaviour aimed at ridding the body of consumed food, including self-induced vomiting and the misuse of laxatives, diuretics, or enemas Restricting Type: a type of anorexia where the individual uses dieting, fasting, or excessive exercise to lose or avoid gaining weight. During the current episode of anorexia, the person has not engaged in binge-eating or purging behaviour Set Point: a comfortable range of body weight that the body tries to “defend” and maintain Chapter 14: Child Maltreat
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