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Sociology 1020 - Everything you need to know for 90%+

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Sociology 1020
Kim Luton

SOCIOLOGY 1020 Connor Leskiw Updated: September 27, 2013 MILLS- personal troubles vs public problems Symbolic Interactionism Micro perspective, everyday life perspective. Society arises as a shared reality. Symbol: something that meaningfully represents something else. Most interaction is symbolic- languages, gestures. Based on (often) shared personal subjective experiences. Recognition of individuals in society: active agents. Involves seeing the same thing but interpreting them differently- symbols mean different things to different people. Behaviours and attitudes therefore depend on how one perceives/defines the construct (abstract quality hard to measure). Learning theory- understand individuals learn in a variety of ways. Rational Choice theory- Marginal Value theory- Game theory- W.I Thomas- “what we define as real, is real in its consequences” Perspective. Must understand actor’s definition, because it will be real for them. How you define a situation is how you act in it. What we want influences what we learn --- what we learn influences what we want. MAX WEBER Father of symb. Interactionism. Idealism- the way people think can bring about change. Verstehen- to understand, (Mills adds biography, milieu, society) also, no universal understanding. He agrees with MARX, about economic importance, but says there are other just as important thngNo single factor determines society or an individual. Economic changes, religion, urbanization, law, politics, tech, etc all influence society/ individuals. Social conflict can originate in values, status etc Religious idealism was the driving force- pre-destination, Wrote “Protestant Ethic and the Rise of Capitalism (1904)” – ruling classes use beliefs to legitimate their position, so that other classes will cooperate in their own subordination. Rationalization of society: change from tradition to rationality (deliberate, matter of fact calc of the most efficient way to do a job) Feminism Main focus on Gender- is embedded in all cultures, can be ***???used to support???*** conflict theory. Not focused on multiple variables, gender cross-cuts all aspects of social life. Is the study of women’s lives, MACRO- constraints and forms of resistance in women’s lives (political, primary family care giver), MICRO- reproduction of gender through lang and emotion management (women= expressive, men= instrumental) th Maternal Fem. : early 19 cent. Moral crusaders- improve society- wanted to reduce drinking in working class men- spending pay packs at bar in one night. Temperance improvement, women’s suffrage. Gender= socially determined Sex= biologically determined Liberal Fem. : early 60s – Betty Friedan, women gaining equality via education/job access Radical Fem. : Patriarchy: society set up to benefit enuniversal cause of women’s oppression. Women organize separately then men to protect their interests ex radical women groups etc Socialist Fem. : (Marxist) Gender inequalities based on economic factors: goes back to class inequalities. Women organize WITH MEN of same class to reduce problems of gender inequality- level playing field. --Radicals say patriarchy has been around longer than capitalism. Common characteristics--- gender inequalities are not biologically determined, but social constructed (argument). Patriarchy is present in almost all societies. 3
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