CH111- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 25 pages long!)

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Published on 29 Mar 2018
School
Department
Course
Professor
WLU
CH111
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Intro to Micro Processing
Chapter 1: Using Technology to Change the World
- Recent political and global issues are showing that technology is accelerating change around the world and
galvanizing groups of people in new ways
Technology on the World Stage
Political Issues
Social Media
- Social Media: Websites or apps that allow users to create and share content and/or participate in social
networking with others
- Enable the gathering of groups of people to connect and exchange ideas, and they have brought together
people facing repression and censorship in many countries.
- Politicians worldwide have also begun to incorporate social media as part of their political strategy
o Use to communicate with their constituents
- Proven to be a very effective way of motivating people to vote
- I.E. The Irish referendum on marriage equality meant many Irish Living Abroad traveled home just to vote,
documenting their trips using #HomeToVote
o Ireland become the first country to legalize gay marriage through a popular vote
- Providing a level of instant connection and information distribution that is reshaping the world
Crisis- Mapping Tool
- Another example of the interaction of technology and society is the software tool Ushahidi (Testimony)
o Is a crisis-mapping tool that collects information from e-mails, SMS, blog posts, and twitter tweets
and then maps them, instantly making the information publicly available
o Created following, a disputed election in Kenya when violence broke out all over the country
Other Global Issues
Health Care
- Infectious diseases account for about 1/5 of all deaths worldwide
- The odds of a flu pandemic occurring in the next century are nearly 100%
o With newer scientific visualization tools, scientists are developing antibodies for flue viruses and
even HIV, viruses that are difficult to target because they continually change shape.
- Computationally intense modeling software is helping researchers increase the pace of vaccine production,
saving lives.
- Retinal prosthetics is another example of global health concerns being addressed with technology
o Macular degeneration and retinitis pigmentosa are two diseases that destroy the retina
Working on a microchip that can replace the function of the retina
The Environment
- What if every cell phone in the world had build-in atmospheric sensors?
- Smart internet-connected water sprinklers
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The Digital Divide
- Great gap in the levels of internet access and the availability of technical tolls in different regions of the
world
o Digital Divide: The discrepancy between those who have access to the opportunities and
knowledge that computers and the Internet offer and those who do not
Prevents us from using all the ids o the plaet to sole the plaets pole
This challenge created by technology is also being answered by technology
- Next Einstein Initiative (NEI) is a plan to focus resources on the talented mathematical minds of Africa
o By expanding the African Institute for Mathematical Sciences across the continental Cambridge
professor Neil Turok Founded AIMS; Bring together the brightest young minds across Africa with
the best lecturers in the world
Technology and Our Society
- Technology is allowing us to redefine very fundamental parts of our social makeup How we think, how
we connect with each other, and how we purchase and consume products
Technology Impacts How We Think
What We Think About
- Information and products were being served up at an amazing rate, and the pattern of consumption
became a habit
- Moe ad oe e appliatios ega to appea that alloed eah idiidual to eoe a eato of
the web
o A new kind of internet came into being; Web 2.0: Tools and web-based services that emphasize
online collaboration; Now everyone could collaborate internationally at the click of a mouse
- Web 2.0 has fostered a dramatic shift across the world from simply consuming to having the ability to
volunteer and collaborate on projects
o Cognitive Surplus: The combination of leisure time and the tools needed to be creative
The olds populatio has a estiated  tillio hous a ea of fee tie; he oupled
with the available media tools and the easy connectivity of Web 2.0, Ushahidi etc. emerge
- Why would anybody bother wo work on projects like these in their free time?
o Modern theories of motivations show that what pushes people to apply their free time in altruistic
causes, for no money, is the excitement of autonomy, mastery, and purpose
o Autonomy: The freedom to work without constant direction and control
o Mastery: The feeling of confidence and excitement from seeing your own skills progress
o Purpose: The understanding that you are working for something larger than yourself
- These 3 factors play into how we are fundamentally wired and can produce incredibly motivated behavior
o The combo of motivation, technology, and a cognitive surplus is leading to powerful projects that
are changing the world
Technology Impacts How We Connect
Connecting Through Music
- People connect intimately by creating and sharing music
o Blend (blend.io) is a site that allows people to exchange the songs they have written as well as the
electronic data and setting they used to create the song
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