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HI-109 Exam Review.docx

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Department
History
Course
HI109
Professor
Robert Davison
Semester
Winter

Description
 HI­109 Europe 20      Century   Exam Review Key Terms  (Definition general—Focus General—Specific Examples) Nationalism: (Definition)  ­ Ideal form of organization for a different community ­ Before the 18  century armies had people of different nationalities fighting (hired  militia) ­ Changed with the FR because people wanted to defend their own countries ­ In the West Austria was against nationalism because Austria was full of different  ethnicities but ruled by German speaking people ­ Resulted in a united Germany­Italy ­ Revolutionary idea ­ People became more invested in idea of a nation state o In order to have a nation state = co­op. from classes= how society was  European’s viewed colonies as their main focus b/c of colonies  =factor of WWI Industrialism: ­ Deindustrialization  ­ Started the intellectual movement ­ Example: secular schools Liberalism: ­ Ideology pervaded in the West th ­ 18  Century Britain­ start of the IR o Low of supply + demand (key point for start of liberalism) ­ Constitutionalism (entrenchment/Bill of Rights) ­ 19  Century went against FR o Results in better state and society o Led to the Welfare state ­ State only allowed to interfere with society to create conditions that will help  citizens for their well­being Socialism: ­ Created b/c Bourgeoisie refused to accept working class ­ Believed everyone’s equal o Economic determinism  Only way you can overthrow existing order is through revolution ­ Focus on social class ­ Example:  Marx + Engels Fascism: ­ Ideology + practice ­ Favored action to solve problems  ­ Movement based on the gov’t ­ Authoritarianism meets Nationalism ­ Focus on Nation and Race ­ Focused on mobilizing the Masses o Made citizens agree w/ all their decisions  Propaganda o Example: Women  Didn’t want them in the workplace­ so played low wages  Wanted typical stereotype­ important to have kids ­ Goals:  positive views of violence + mass mobilization + masculinity + youth =  create economic structure    Nazism: ­ Ideology + practice associated w/ German Nazi Party ­ Anti­Semitism + Racism (for it) ­ Gained support from the Great Depression  o Hitler o Enabling Act Communism:  ­ System structured on common ownership + characterized by the absence of  classes o For equality, economically equal ­ Come to be threw Lenin + Bolshevik Revolution ­ Example: ? ­ Opposes Capitalism + Liberalism Imperialism: ­ Indirect rule over another state/group ­ Colonization­ drive for resources + prestige ­ navalism ­ Example: Britain Ruling India  Triple Alliance: ­ Who: Austria­Hungary, Germany, Italy ­ What: Axis Power Triple Entente: ­ Who: France, Russia ­ Britain also involved but no official alliance ­ What: Allies New Economic Plan: ­ Proposed by Lenin ­ What: capitalist oriented policy ­ Benefits: Up the volume of trade, helped agriculture, peasant farms increasing  65% Comintern: ­ Aka Third International ­ International communist organization, began in Moscow ­ Intent: to overthrow international Bourgeoisie + for the creation of an  international Soviet Republic  ­ Dissolved by Stalin in 1943   Stalin’s 5year Plan: ­ Series of nation wide centralized economic plans in the soviet union  ­ Essentially the focus was creating a communist utopia Bolshevism/Bolshevik Revolution: ­ Started with Lenin ­ Feb. Rev. led t
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