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adms 1000 Summary Final.doc

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York University
Administrative Studies
ADMS 1000
Peter Tsasis

Management of Organizational StructureMechanisticOrganicDivision of LaborNarrow division of laborWider division of laborHigh Centralization of decisionDecentralization of decisionCentralizationmakingmakingSpan of Narrow Much Hierarchy many Wide Little hierarchy few ControlHierarchicalof administrationlevels of administrationHigh formalization of work Low formalization of work Formalizationprocedures rules and regulation procedures rules and standardizationregulations standardizationOrganic Wide division of labour Organization provides jobs enrichment which allow employees work with more challenging and meaningful work ie increasing variety of work they perform and freedom in performing the work InClass CaseLands EndoTermbased workeach group member contributes their own expertise to help design and market their goods oBefore people worked in narrowly defined jobsquality assurance personal inventory control advertising copyrighter marketing personnel Now they put these people together in teamsthey have widened the division of labor oBring together people of different backgroundsexpertise for greater knowledge sharing improving awareness of consumer needsDecentralization of decisionmaking To make organizations more efficient and speedier in decisionmaking ability they allowing lower levels who are close to consumers involve in decision making process Crossfunctional Team and selfmanaging work teamsthe work teams are given the power to manage themselves and make decisions without the approval of formal managementInClass CaseLands EndoPeople working together in teamsand they are taking responsibility for the designing and production of the products ie decentralization decision makingoBring decision authority about the product to those closed to the consumersthat would benefit consumers ie better services for consumersLittle hierarchy few levels of administration Flatter and wider span of control could cut costs and speed up the communication or decisionmaking process because it spreads decisionmaking authority down to the lower level of organization InClass CaseLands EndoFlattering the hierarchyie reduced the number of levels of administrationoTeambased work means that they also dont need to be governed by many levels of authority above them1oReduced time it take products to marketconsumers Low formalization of work proceduresIn order to adapt to the changing external environment competitors consumers technological changes etc The workers are less restricted with fewer rules and regulations standardization of jobs have been cutting down to be more creative and innovation InClass CaseLands EndoBasic rules for designing certain productsoBut the team can approach the design and marketing this product in any way theyd likeoContribution from team members are not heavily governed by rulesoGive member freedom to be creative oInnovation for the marketplaceMechanisticNarrow division of labour In order to maximize worker efficiency and productivity jobs are divided u into simplest and repetitive tasks High Centralization of decisionmaking Topdown approach The important decisions are made by the top of the organizational hierarchytop manager Lower level employees have little or no involvement in decisionmaking Much hierarchy or many levels of administration Taller and narrower span of control improves a managers ability to manage but it is costly more layer of managementmore expanse and more time consuming in communication High formalization of work proceduresThere are clear rules and regulations regarding how the work should be performed Most work standardized work which is very much ruledirected The employees know exactly what is expected of them and how they should perform their jobsAdvantages Predictability and reliabilityrules and standardized jobs ensure workers are doing what the boss wants Better Controlthe formal hierarchy ensures that how the work is conducted is clearly controlled Disadvantages Because of environment changes increasing competitors demands for better products improved customers services shorter production time for market and consumers job specialization the narrow division of labour standardization rules etc are not suitable to a changing environment 2
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