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CRIM 2650 (25)
Anita Lam (13)


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CRIM 2650
Anita Lam

Dramaturgical Model of Social Interaction - Metaphor is that theatre can be considered as social life - Frontstage: actively presenting particular self to others o We do a similar thing when we interact with others in everyday life – we play a social role that follows a social script. Example: during awkward moments, someone has deviated from the social script and the role prescribed to them o Presenting ourselves in particular ways o Example: on a date you act very differently to impress - Backstage: not actively managing or creating a particular impression o This is why we become uncomfortable when people invade our backstage areas because we are unprepared - Goffman believes we are always onstage (either front or back) – all the world is a stage - Integral to the creation and maintenance of a social identity o Goffman refers to personal attributes, character traits (honesty, trustworthiness), occupational status  More about social identity than social status Stigma - Refers to the process by which the reaction of other people ‘spoils’ normal identity - Refers to a discrepancy between our actual social identity and our virtual identity o Actual social identity: you as you actually are o Virtual social identity: all the assumptions and perceptions that other people have of you – very different from who you are as an actual person - Situation where someone is disqualified or rejected from full social acceptance due to the, as goffman calls it, deeply discrediting attribute o Three types of stigmas that relate to three deeply discrediting attribute  1) Bodily abominations and physical deformities (physically different)  2) Weaknesses of individual character (unnatural desires)  3) Race, nation and religion - Goffmans idea of stigma is far broader than the stigma of criminality – he is talking about the stigma of non-criminal groups o Also explains the interactions of other stigmatized non-criminal groups such as: the mentally disordered, disabled people, gay people Reacting to Stigma - Regardless of the type of stigma you possess, social reactions to its very existence is the same - Someone who possesses a stigma is seen as someone possessing an undesirable difference from the rest of us
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