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Environmental Studies
ENVS 1500
Gail Fraser

14May27Contents114May27WINTER TERMPART 3 ENVIRONMENTAL AREAS OF CONCENTRATIONIn lectures this second term we will be examining the contemporary Environmental movement and the issues that concern it It is important to realize that the roots of Environmentalism go deep into the rise of the modern worldwhich Environmental concerns and its myths metaphors symbols and commitments did not just start in the last few years To summarize the ways in which the crises and threats of modernity led to the rise of Environmentalism Romantic concern over industrialization raised concerns over whether or not human beings were to be little more than machines themselves and the Romantic response to industrialization was to search for alternatives including community and nature Concerns over runaway technologies and the prospect of the suicide of humanity brought the idea of progress into question Trade unions and public institutions focused attention on the need for public health measures worker safety laws and the external impacts of industrial processes generally Parks were possible places of refuge from the growing world of human industrialization and places where one might recreate oneself through recreationENVS 1000 Exam Guide Questions in RedWeek 14 Wednesday January 4 the Crisis of Modernity and the Rise of EnvironmentalismReadings Environmental History VIAbstract This focus on the natural world was disrupted and challenged with the publication of Darwins On The Origin of Species 1859 Ecosystems and other aspects of natural processes helped establish the scientific aspects of the Environmental approach The arrival of modernity and a return to the First Lecture themes the crisis involving human powers capable of threatening earth systems and the prospect of managing the earthDiscussion Questions for the Rise of Environmentalism Darwin and the Science of Environmentalism214May27This focus on the natural world was disrupted and challenged with the publication of Darwins On the Origin of Species 1859 Ecosystems and other aspects of natural processes helped establish the scientific aspects of the Environmental approachLectureNotes Modern environmentalism as well as romanticism arose from combating the onslaught of the industrial revolution How to deal with the sudden onslaught of modernity Picture of Straffordshiretown in early England at Ind revolution peak Class romantic picture of the top of a mountain with lots of fog Picture of ice being crushed roots of big tree exposed with moss The most famous figure in modern ecology is Charles Darwin thanks to his book The Origin of Species in 1859 Survival of the fittest immerse variability in natural population Charles Darwin 1812 Naturalist Aristocrat Darwins book was an instant best seller at the height of the Victorian Era it was mostly treated with disgust As a young man Darwin went on a voyage around the world on a ship named The Beagle The ship that he was on board was both surveying the South American coastline and attacking slave ships due to the fact that Britain had abolished slavery The route of the beagle took Darwin around the world during a five year voyage Throughout the voyage Darwin would study the geology of the land wherever they stopped Before the Origin of Species it was generally accepted that all species were fixed not diverse through evolutionArtificialSelection Artificial selection is a process of creating a new species through breeding with human intervention The Finches that Darwin studied are theorized to derive from a single species of finch from South America or Ecuador Galapagos Islands Satinette birdorigin of species There is immense variability in natural populations The environment chooses that variation that can survive kills culls sidelines the rest The surviving variations the fittest get to pass their variation on to the next generation And so on it starts all over again Out of this the immense complex design is woven over vast eons of time Earth is 4 billion yrs old and the universe is 137 billion yrs oldLamarck and Darwin Once scientists began thinking about animals in terms of evolution the giraffe became a welcomeand seemingly straightforwardexample It is as if the giraffes long neck was begging to be explained by evolutionary theorists One of the first evolutionary thinkers JeanBaptist Lamarck offered a short description of how the giraffe evolved in his major work Philosophie Zoologique which was published in 18093
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