GEOG 1410 Study Guide - Final Guide: Advantageous, New Imperialism, Gross National Income

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Geo Questions (Raju 8)
1.WHAT DOES AN INTERNATIONALIST APPROACH TO HUMAN GEOGRAPHY
MEAN?
advocates a greater economic and political cooperation among nations for
their benefit
teaches that the people of all nations have more in common than they do
differences
nations should treat each other as equals
see the world more connected and with the increase of globalization
since human geography studies the world, its people, communities, and
cultures, inter
see everything connected and together
4. HOW IS DEVELOPMENT MEASURED?
Global domestic product an estimate of the total value of all materials
foodstuff goods and services produced by a country in a particular year
Gross national product similar to GDP but also includes the value of income
from abroad (international)
Gross national income similar to GDP but also includes the value of income
from abroad and excludes the taxes and wages a country pays to outside
interests
Labour productivity
5. WHAT IS PROBLEMATIC ABOUT GNP per capita AS AN INDICATOR OF
DEVELOPMENT?
Because they are based on each nations currency
Using GNI, converted to international dollars, using purchasing power parity
(PPP) conversion factor; international dollars indicate the amount of goods
and services one could buy in the US with a given amount of money
6. WHAT ARE THE GEOGRAPHICAL THEORIES OF DEVELOPMENT?
Internal Causes
High Population growth Rate stage 2 of DTM death rate up birth rate down,
high increase in population; stage 3 rapid population increase giving what
to lower birth rates in developed industrial society
Youthful age structure the percentage of people aged 15 or younger is way
greater than people 65 and old in less developed countries and totalled in the
world; in more developed countries the percentage is the same
External causes
Neo-colonialism - practice of using capitalism, globalization, and cultural
forces to control a country; debt ask for money- country lends money
payment back is way greater than borrowed greater debt
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7. WHY IS THE MALTHUSIAN EXPLANATION OF POVERTY PROBLEMATIC?
by arguing that population growth generally expanded in times and in
regions of plenty until the size of the population relative to the primary
resources caused distress
population pressure would be the dependent variable and the resources are
the independent variable
12. HOW DOES ECONOMIC GLOBALIZATION AFFECT THE LESS DEVELOPED
WORLD?
Geographically the single most important feature of economic development
is that it is highly uneven. At the global scale this unevenness takes the form
of core periphery contrast. These contrasts raise important issues of spatial
justice that are closely bound up with gender inequality and social justice.
Similar core periphery contrasts and equally important issues of spatial
justice exist at a regional scale;
I know its the same as before but its like the same question
13. WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE?
Shifting cultivation a system in which farmers aim to maintain soil fertility
by rotating the fields within which cultivation occurs; Swidden land that is
cleared using and slash and burn process and is ready for cultivation
Intensive subsistence agriculture practice that involves the effective and
efficient use of fertilizer through human labour of a small parcel of land to
maximize crop yield
Pastoralism subsistence activity that involves the breeding and herding of
animals to satisfy the human needs of food shelter and clothing
18) HOW DOES VON THUNEN EXPLAIN THE GEOGRAPHY OF AGRICULTURAL
PRACTICE ?
A) Von Thunen explains the geography of agricultural practice by stating that the
geographical pattern of agricultural land use around cites was often directly and
profoundly affected by their proximity to such centres. To put it simply, space and
distance are the main determining factors that govern the choice of agricultural
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production that any farmer chooses to pursue. The further you have to transport
your food to the market the more it’s going to cost you and the less fresh it is going
to be. The closer your land was to the market the higher rent per hectare it would
cost you to own that land. The land close to the markets were usually devoted to
high value, perishable products. (pg. 360-chart on 361)
22) WHAT ARE THE EFFECTS OF GLOBALIZATION ON AGRICULTURE?
A) Some effects of globalization on agriculture include elimination or erosion of
some forms of farming, core countries interfering in the agriculture of peripheral
countries, introduction of risky technology like super plants which can produce its
own fertilizers and pesticides, be grown in adverse climate and can increase crop
yield, put control of farming from farmers to biotech companies, privatization and
co-modification of nature, seeds for example, increased food miles which is a
measure of distance traveled by food items from the farm to the consumer, and
caused changes in food regimes.
23) WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT INTERNATIONAL FOOD REGIMES?
A) The different international food regimes are the colonial regime, the post-colonial
regime, and the new agricultural regime. (notes) OR the different international food
regimes are the wheat and livestock food regimes, and the fresh fruits and
vegetables food regime. (pg. 373-75)
24) WHAT ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL-POLITICAL FACTORS INFLUENCE
CANADIAN AGRICULTURE? WHAT IS ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT TRENDS
IN CANADIAN AGRICULTURE IN TERMS OF FARM-OWNERSHIP? EXPLAIN THIS
TREND.
A) The Canadian environment has put limitations on agriculture in Canada. The
mountains and glacial erosion had reduced available land, the harsh winters have
shortened growing seasons, due to these most of Canadian farm lands lies within
200 km of US border. Political factors have had an influence on Canadian agriculture
as well. With the abolishment of the “Crow Rate” in 1995 farmers were more keen to
selling their wheat locally as without the crow rate the cost of transporting wheat
doubled. Also due to the high cost farmers began to grow wheat in order to feed it to
livestock and then export the animals as that was now economically more
advantageous than exporting wheat itself. (pg. 362-65)
26) HOW ARE NATION-STATES FORMED? (pg396)
A) Nation-states are formed when a group of people with the same religion,
language, history, political identity or another aspect of their culture come together
and live in the same geographical area as well as are governed by their own state.
30) WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF STATE-SHAPE?
A) There are five different types of state-shape:
Compact: distance from center to boundary doesn’t vary much.
Elongated: state isn’t compact (ex. Chile)
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Document Summary

1. what does an internationalist approach to human geography. Advocates a greater economic and political cooperation among nations for their benefit teaches that the people of all nations have more in common than they do differences. Nations should treat each other as equals. See the world more connected and with the increase of globalization. Since human geography studies the world, its people, communities, and cultures, inter. Global domestic product an estimate of the total value of all materials foodstuff goods and services produced by a country in a particular year. Gross national product similar to gdp but also includes the value of income from abroad (international) Gross national income similar to gdp but also includes the value of income from abroad and excludes the taxes and wages a country pays to outside interests. Labour productivity: what is problematic about gnp per capita as an indicator of. Because they are based on each nations currency.

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