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Detailed Lecture 6 Notes and Questions Detailed Lecture notes and Test questions !

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York University
HUMA 1710
Carol Bigwood

L6: November-14-10 4:39 PM October 25, 2010 Test Question: 1. ( 10 Marks) Describe five points of contrast between King Saul and King David 2. (5 Marks) Why is King Solomon called wise? 3. ( 5 marks) Comment on either the section of Ecclesiastes or Songs of Solomon that you read in your course kit King Saul`s "mistakes"  Began sacrifice before Samuel, the high priest got to sanctuary  Does not follow through on Yahweh's command to kill all the Amelekites and livestock.  Samuel says its better to obey than make burnt sacrifice  Saul is rejected as king by Yahweh  Saul repents but Yahweh sends evil spirit which never leaves him Saul consults Witch of Endor  Philistine battle is imminent; God not answering  Witch conjures Samuel who tells him he is doomed to die Young David, shepherd boy, soothes King Saul who is afflicted with evil spirits  David is first called to court because of his musical ability  David will compose song for Saul's death Many songs attributed to David  Psalms: for public worship bonding individual to community  Likely finally written down after 588 BCE (post-exilic) King David plays into old age  Songs in praise of being delivered from enemies  Songs of lamentation  Songs for penitence and cleansing  Songs for Gods and Kings have long tradition in Near East David and Goliath  Icon of the little guy who stands up to the big and powerful  Simple shepherd boy with sling  Asks Saul to permit him to accept Goliath's offer to fight single combat  Saul offers his own armour, David refuses David's close relations with Philistines  David and Goliath are cousins through great- grandmothers Ruth and Orpah (sisters of Moabites)  David later stays with Philistines for about year and half  Many Philistines remain loyal to King David in later life Quick Battle  David kills Goliath with one stone  Israelites attack Philistines and win  David carries Goliath's head as trophy  Woman praise him  King Saul is envious Modern David and Goliath stories  Student at Tiananmen Square faces off with tanks  Palestinian boy throws rock at an Israeli tank  King Saul and David (a love- hate relationship), David an outlaw for period of time  King Saul dies in battle; Samuel anoints David of King of Judah King David's rule  House of King Saul (North) and House of King David (South) eventually unite  Conquers Jerusalem and sets up centralizing administrative authority (census of people, taxes, military)  Brings Ark of the covenant to Jerusalem  No archaeological sites confirm King David's kingdom except one small fragment from Dan with "House of David" from 800's BCE King David and then his son King Solomon's Kingdom will be Short-lived  After King Solomon, Kingdom divides: 10 tribes in North (Israel); and 2 in South(Judah)- Davidic line  Then Divided Kingdom falls, each in turn:  North: 720 BCE conquered by Assyrians  South: 586 BCE conquered by Babylonians David dancing as he leads the Ark into conquered Jerusalem, which will become capital (allowed Jebusites to stay)  Ritual procession  David ecstatic  Michal thinks he looks like a fool  Military accomplishments over Ammonites, Philistines and his own people, the Moabites  Cleans up House of Saul  One united kingdom
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