1910 9.0 Science and the Humanities
This quiz focuses upon your understanding of the lectures, readings and tutorial
discussions from September 19 to October 3. Answering the questions and reviewing
your answers in tutorials this week will also provide you with the background needed for
reading Galileo’s “Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina.”
Answer each of the 7 questions briefly in the space provided.
1. Who were the Scholastics or Schoolmen
2. Describe the place of science in the European universities 13 to 16 ?
3. “It was not a matter of doing the same thing better — it was a matter of doing
something different” (Dear, 3). Explain
4. What were the advantages of the Copernican system?
5. How did the Copernican system violate Aristotelian physics?
6. Why was the revolution in astronomy also a revolution in the humanities?
7. “Galileo, then, was born into what was to prove an intellectual minefield” (Ronin,
1. Identify and comment on the significance of the following quotation (3 points).
Use point form.
a. “Everything is softer in starlight, we can fix our eyes more comfortably on the
heavens; our thoughts are freer because we’re so foolish as to imagine ourselves the only ones abroad to dream. Besides in daylight we nothing but sun and blue sky but
the night gives us all the profusion of stars in a thousand different random designs,
stirring as many pleasantly confused thoughts in us.”
2. Explain and give the significance of two of the following places for scientific work
(2 points each):
the Medici court
the Royal Society of London
3. Identify one of the following five people (1 point):
Rene Descartes/ Samuel Pepys/ Marquise/ Giordano Bruno/ Robert Fitzroy
4. Link up columns correctly (4 points)
The Starry Messenger
Conversations on the Plurality of
Voyage of the Beagle
1665 Hooke 5. Explain and give the significance of one of the following metaphors from
Fontenelle (3 points):
the opera house
the spinning top
6. Comment on the significance of one of the following images from Hooke’s work (3
a close up of the lunar crater
a printed period (.)
1.Provide two main characteristics of the Enlightenment (2).
2.What are the main differences between theism and deism and atheism? (3)
3. Identify two details of the iconography of this image as discussed in lecture. (2) 4.Identify the author of the following quote, and explain its meaning:
"Enlightenment is man's emergence from his self-imposed immaturity." (3)
5. Like the novel Frankenstein, The Time Machine is structured as a story told to an
audience. In Shelley’s opening, the first narrator, Capt Walton, writes letters to his
sister Margaret, who is then symbol of you as reader, hearing the tale