# [PSYC 1010] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 18 pages long Study Guide!

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Published on 5 Oct 2016

Department

Psychology

Course

PSYC 1010

Professor

York

PSYC 1010

MIDTERM EXAM

STUDY GUIDE

Correlational method: measure naturally occurring variations on both variables to see if they are

related, used to help make predictions and you cannot infer cause and effect

R = or numbers --> strength of the relationships

"+" the variables changing in the same directions

"-" opposite directions

If self esteem correlates with depression: there are still numerous possible casual links:

Low self-esteem ---------could cause-------- Depression

Depressions -------- could cause-------- Low self-esteem

Distressing events or biological predispositions -------- could cause -------- Low self-esteem and

Depression

Are Phycologist's objective? --- YES (my opinion)

Self fulfilling prophecy: Expectations can influence your behaviour when interacting with someone,

which then that person acts in the same way in which you treated them based on your expectations of

who they are.

Double blind procedure:

Statistics: Mathematical computations that summarize and organize data

Descriptive stats: Describe the characteristics of your data

Inferential statistics: Makes inferences about populations using data drawn from the population

Mean Median Mode

Variability in your scores

How much scores spread from the mean

A. Range - subtract the lowest from the highest score

B. Standard deviation - measures the average set of scores from the mean

Normal distribution (curve)

- hypothetical

1.Most psych variables are normally distribution

2.It provides a precise way of determining how people compare to one another

Influential statistics: Provide us with a way of determining how much confidence we can have in results

obtained form samples by telling us how likely it is that results are just due to chance

Real = true of the population = statistically significant

Biological influences:

Genetic predispositions

Genetic mutations

Natural selection of adaptive physiology and behaviour

Genes responding to the environment

find more resources at oneclass.com

find more resources at oneclass.com

Psychological Influences:

Learned fears and other learned expectations

Emotional responses

Cognitive processing and perceptual interpretation

Social cultural influences:

Presence of others

Cultural, societal and family expectations

Peer and other group influences

Compelling models (such as the media)

Biopsychosocial Approach

find more resources at oneclass.com

find more resources at oneclass.com

## Document Summary

Correlational method: measure naturally occurring variations on both variables to see if they are related, used to help make predictions and you cannot infer cause and effect. R = or numbers --> strength of the relationships. + the variables changing in the same directions. If self esteem correlates with depression: there are still numerous possible casual links: Distressing events or biological predispositions -------- could cause -------- low self-esteem and. Self fulfilling prophecy: expectations can influence your behaviour when interacting with someone, which then that person acts in the same way in which you treated them based on your expectations of who they are. Statistics: mathematical computations that summarize and organize data. Descriptive stats: describe the characteristics of your data. Inferential statistics: makes inferences about populations using data drawn from the population. How much scores spread from the mean: range - subtract the lowest from the highest score, standard deviation - measures the average set of scores from the mean.