[PSYC 1010] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 18 pages long Study Guide!

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Published on 5 Oct 2016
School
York University
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 1010
Professor
York
PSYC 1010
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Correlational method: measure naturally occurring variations on both variables to see if they are
related, used to help make predictions and you cannot infer cause and effect
R = or numbers --> strength of the relationships
"+" the variables changing in the same directions
"-" opposite directions
If self esteem correlates with depression: there are still numerous possible casual links:
Low self-esteem ---------could cause-------- Depression
Depressions -------- could cause-------- Low self-esteem
Distressing events or biological predispositions -------- could cause -------- Low self-esteem and
Depression
Are Phycologist's objective? --- YES (my opinion)
Self fulfilling prophecy: Expectations can influence your behaviour when interacting with someone,
which then that person acts in the same way in which you treated them based on your expectations of
who they are.
Double blind procedure:
Statistics: Mathematical computations that summarize and organize data
Descriptive stats: Describe the characteristics of your data
Inferential statistics: Makes inferences about populations using data drawn from the population
Mean Median Mode
Variability in your scores
How much scores spread from the mean
A. Range - subtract the lowest from the highest score
B. Standard deviation - measures the average set of scores from the mean
Normal distribution (curve)
- hypothetical
1.Most psych variables are normally distribution
2.It provides a precise way of determining how people compare to one another
Influential statistics: Provide us with a way of determining how much confidence we can have in results
obtained form samples by telling us how likely it is that results are just due to chance
Real = true of the population = statistically significant
Biological influences:
Genetic predispositions
Genetic mutations
Natural selection of adaptive physiology and behaviour
Genes responding to the environment
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Psychological Influences:
Learned fears and other learned expectations
Emotional responses
Cognitive processing and perceptual interpretation
Social cultural influences:
Presence of others
Cultural, societal and family expectations
Peer and other group influences
Compelling models (such as the media)
Biopsychosocial Approach
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Document Summary

Correlational method: measure naturally occurring variations on both variables to see if they are related, used to help make predictions and you cannot infer cause and effect. R = or numbers --> strength of the relationships. + the variables changing in the same directions. If self esteem correlates with depression: there are still numerous possible casual links: Distressing events or biological predispositions -------- could cause -------- low self-esteem and. Self fulfilling prophecy: expectations can influence your behaviour when interacting with someone, which then that person acts in the same way in which you treated them based on your expectations of who they are. Statistics: mathematical computations that summarize and organize data. Descriptive stats: describe the characteristics of your data. Inferential statistics: makes inferences about populations using data drawn from the population. How much scores spread from the mean: range - subtract the lowest from the highest score, standard deviation - measures the average set of scores from the mean.

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