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PSYC 3550- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 23 pages long!)


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 3550
Professor
Vinod Goel
Study Guide
Final

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York
PSYC 3550
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Test 1
What is creativity?
No clear agreed-upon definition
Definitions have ranged from the functional to the abstract
o Functional:
Amabelle eause I said so – creativity is the quality of
products/responses deemed to be creative by appropriate observers
o Middle ground:
Silvia creativity is comprised of 3 facets uncommonness, remoteness,
and cleverness
o Abstract:
Rogers creativity is a dynamic co-creation (interplay) between
individuals and their environment
Authors have suggested that this lack of definitional consensus is a problem in creativity
What are Self-report measures?
They are self-report inentories tell us aout ourself
CPS
o Measures the extent to which a person can be thought of as creative
o 18 positive adjectives signifying creativity
o 12 negative adjectives signifying non-creativity
Abbreviated Torrence Test for Adults
3 Tasks, 3 minutes each
Fluency number of responses generated
o # of responses to activity 1 + # of pictures in activity 2 + # of pictures in activity 3
originality number of novel/not commonplace
Elaboration (activities 2 & 3)
o Number of extraneous details added to basic picture idea
Flexibility
o # of different ways stimulus (triangle) is used use of a single triangle vs.
connecting multiple triangels
Define HEXACO honesty-humility
One of 6 domains of the general personality structure measure the HEXACO (1)
o Its a susale of a larger sale. The H in HEXACO
The Honesty-Humility domain represents port of the original Big Five Agreeableness
factor (1)
o What does it mean. represents one of the big five
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Honesty-Humility assesses interest in fairness, genuineness, and being humble and non-
materialistic (1)
Research shows that H-H is a negative predictor of creativity, such that the more
arrogant one is (low H-H), the more creative one is (1)
Helped resolve the debate about whether it was arrogance or hostility (previously
confounded in the Big Five Agreeableness factor) the predicted creativity (1)
Define HEXACO openness to experience
One of 5 domains in The Big Five Model (1)
o Its a susale of a larger sale. The O in OCEAN
The openness to experience domain represents port of the original Big Five
Agreeableness factor (1)
o What does it mean. represents one of the big five
Openness to experience assesses the degree to which an individual is inquisitive, non-
conforming
Openness to experience is the strongest BFM predictor of creativity, a better tell-tale of
creativity across all standardized tests. Also, positively correlated to short story writing
Openness to experience is better at showing creativity than honesty-humility
What is a Byronic Hero?
The Byronic hero is unconventional and may be viewed by many as deviant and/or mad
o The Broni heros unonentional thoughts and eperienes are thought to
inspire him to creativity
Jamison studied 36 artists from the past and found that most had strong evidence of
bipolar disorder
Andreasen investigated relationship between madness and creativity in 30 living artists
and found no significant finding
Kaga sureed Sedish population and found eing in a reatie profession as
actually linked to a lowered incidence of mental health issues
o Only exception was bipolar disorder (hypomania + depression)
Results
o Mental health issues more prevalent in famous artists than general population
o Having mental health issues does not confer a creative advantage for everyone
o General population in creative professions are less likely to have mental health
issues
Mood Effects on Creativity?
What is mood?
o Refers to an experience of affect (subjective Feeling) in the moment
o Not necessarily directed towards a specific stimulus (lacks object directedness)
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