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Social Science
SOSC 2150
Lykke Dela Cour

September 27/2010 Biomedical Model -there are two dominant paradigms that shape the understanding of health: health promotion and biomedical and alternative health -however most policies are formed around the first two mentioned “models of health”- are models that identify and isolate chief characteristics of a particular population in what relates to their health, it helps us define and better understand causal effects (why certain diseases occur in certain places) -understanding why helps us make changes for the better Historical Origins -emerged in the late 1800;s -when allopaths (doctors) and other practicioners (chiropractors, nurses…etc) all worked together -it was based on humoral therapy: the idea that body and health are composed of four elements each refered to a body part) -four elements (hot/cold/wet/dry) -belief that health is a balance between these four elements, and all therepeutics are based on principle of opposites :”heroic medicine” Ie-if you were hot, they would apply something cold to you (opposite) Doctrine of specific etiology: which is the notion that there are specific causes to specific diseases and one you understand what the cause is, you can find the cure -based on herbal remedies -laboratories were not wide spread, were not common or popular because their treatments were rather brutal, people rathered natural ways of healing -infectious diseases were the leading killer, -people were more conjested in work places, and more people lived in smaller corters, deplorable conditions, slum factories…etc -because of the conditions, more corporations and governments were putting more money into laboratories because it was cheaper to prevent diseases than to cure them. Characteristics -emphasis placed on biological causes of disease -health means the absence of disease -is based on norms, mechanistic, standardization of symptoms and physiological measurements -curative rather than preventative -based on invasive therapeutics means of cure, focuses on surgery and drug treatment -hospital based -based on hierarchal relationship, (doctor/health care workers/patient). Doctor knows everything and patient must submit and other health care providers not as smart -emphasis placed on biological research (if you don’t have something physically wrong with you, than there’s nothing wrong with
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