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Midterm Test terminology

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Social Science
SOSC 3391
Tanja Juric

Liberalism: Political philosophy, founded on ideas of liberty and equality. Supports ideas such as free and fair elections, individual rights, rights to own property, free trade, etc Nationalism: belief, that involves an individual identifying with, or becoming attached to, one's nation Substate Nationalism - countries with a federal constitution are made up of subnational entities called states. Sub state nationalism is the identity from these states Multiculturalism: ideologies or practices that promote cultural diversity. It assures cultural freedom of Canadians. Aims to break down discriminatory attitudes and cultural jalousies Polyethnic Pluralism Rights Multiculturalism – multiculturalism as a policy, as it is described in legislation Virtue of Muticulturalism – the Canadian society value of muticulturalism Immigrant Multiculturalism – Federalism - the division of powers between the federal government and the country's provincial governments. Under the Constitution Act, specific powers of legislation are selected. Section 91 of the constitution gives rise to federal authority for legislation, whereas section 92 gives rise to provincial powers. Multination Federalism Spicer Commission - The Citizen's Forum on National Unity (Spicer Commission, named after chairman Keith Spicer, established in 1990 by the Governor General, on the advice of Prime Minister Brian Mulroney. After the failiure of Meech lake Accord, the govt wanted to reach out to Canadians, held meetings across the country. It found that many Canadians were willing to recognize Quebec's cultural and linguistic differences but not to grant the province special powers that might weaken the central government; most Canadians saw official bilingualism as divisive and costly Intergovernmental structure: Intergovernmental relations in Canada focus on the relations among federal and provincial/territorial executives - These relationships serve a number of purposes. They provide forums for the exchange of information, for bargaining, negotiation, and consensus- building. Minoritarian Constitutionalism – fragmentation of Canadian society into vocal minority groups, whose identities are based on cultural, ethnic, physical characteristics, and whose status is enhanced by constitutional provisions (Constitutional Minatoritarianism), as per Alan Cairns Globalization - international integration arising from the interchange of world views, products, ideas, and other aspects of culture Substate Nationalism - countries with a federal constitution are made up of subnational entities called states. Sub state nationalism is the identity from these states 2003 Action Plan - The Action Plan for Official Languages is designed to renew and update the commitment to the principle of English and French as the two official languages of Canada. Involves education system (improve quality of training, number of instructors, more exchange programs), community programs (immigrant integration, childhood devt programs, health field access to justice) and public sector (hire more bilingual employees, language training). Glocalization – adapting a global service, idea, product or law into the social and cultural context of the society it is being implemented to Legislature (Parliament) - composed of three parts: the Governor General, the Senate, and the House of Commons (dominant, rarely opposed by crown or senate) It proposes and passes laws. Executive Branch (cabinet, Queen’s Privy Council for Canada): the part of government that has sole authority and responsibility for the daily administration of the country. The executive branch executes or enforces
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