In pre-confederation times, the british and the indigenous peoples of north. America engaged in a trade system to benefit both parties. As discussed in lecture, the natives would trade various types of furs, predominantly beaver; and the british traded european manufactured goods and tools such as guns. This trade was made possible mainly through, as innis highlights, a dependence on indigenous technologies like the (cid:498)canoe(cid:499). Throughout the latter half of the trade, marked around the 17th century, the british and aboriginals (cid:498)half-breed(cid:499) descendants were very important. These people secured the native technological advantage, as well as the. As romantic as this trade system appears at first glance, the relationship was exploitive to both the indians and the environment because, as. Innis highlights in the readings, it was treating the environment as a staple. Consequentially, the indigenous culture experienced a major shift, being forced to adopt modernity and commercialize their skills around the new fur industry.