COMPLETE Personality Theories Notes: Part 5 -- got a 4.0 in the course!

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Department
Counseling, Developmental, and Educational Psychology
Course Code
APSY 2240
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All

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Chapter 12 “Stress, Adjustment, and Health Differences” 11/21/2013 *Disease Prone Personalities psychosomatic medicine: treatment based on the idea that the mind affects the body­ that mental health  affects physical health ­Health Behaviors and healthy environments first major link between personality and health involves health behaviors  1)people with problems in emotional regulations may seek the stimulating or tranquilizing  effects of cigarettes, alcohol, illicit drugs and junk food to change psychological based moods 2)certain social factors tend to encourage unhealthy behaviors Type T theory: Frank H Harley’s theory that suggests a psychobiological need for stimulation due to an  internal arousal deficit; stands for thrill seeking ­The Sick Role set of societal expectations about how a person should behave when ill  certain people respond to stressful life events by entering the sick role people enter the sick role even when there is no organic medical condiiton that can account for their  activities B.F. Skinner would predict that escaping from stressful situatuons by becoming “sick” is rewarding ­Disease Caused Personality Changes somatopsychic effect: disease or genetic predispositions to illness that affect personality personality differences may begin before birth and influenced by genetic environmental interactions ­Diathesis­Stress: Interactionist Approach model of disease that suggests that although a predisposition to illness exists because of genetics or  upbringing the illness itself will not appear unless or until it is elicited by the environment diathesis: the often hereditary predisposition of the body to disease or disorder Lown proposes 3 part model to account for the variability in sudden cardiac death after encountering stress Some electrical instability mist ne already present in the heart muscle, this is often he result of partially  blocked arteries Person must be feeling a pervasive emotional state such as depression  There must be a triggering event such as the loss of a job or the death of a loved one with which the person  cannot cope Research findings don’t allow simple inference that personality causes disease Many people with personality problems or emotional disturbances don’t become sick or have unusual  personalities Personality is associated with a multitude of behavior patterns, bodily reaction pattersn and social  circumstances any of which may be routes by which disease is more likely to take hold and progress ­Personality Disorders borderline personality disorder: term applied to people with serious problems of impulsive, self destructive  behavior; fragile self identity and moody stormy relationships personality disorder: deep rooted ongoing patterns of behavior that impairs the person’s functionaing and  well being personality disorders usually stable by early adulthood and last for many more years individuals with theses problems of identity, emotional instability and severe lack of trust can sometimes  slowly become more stable, sevure and adaptable with interpersonal support *Personality and Coronaary Proneness Type A Behavior Patterns: tense competitive style that is especially likely to be associated with coronary  heart disease ­Type A Behavior Pattern and Choleric Struggle proposed that type A people who are in a constant struggle to do more 
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