HIST 1084- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 47 pages long!)

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4 Dec 2017
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Course
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HIST 1084
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Globalization II
1800-2000
Main Themes
Formation of the Modern State
The Dual Revolution
Ideologies
Imperialism
Violence
Technology
Modernity
The World in 1800
Turkish Ottoman empire declining
China fading
Russia expanding
Americas, Africa on verge
“Birth of the Modern World”: The European Moment
Napoleon's Dynamite: The Spread of Nationalism
1799-1815
Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte
Wars of Ideology
Waterloo
Congress of Vienna
Nationalism
Constructed Identity
All peoples derive their identities from their nations, which are defined by common
language, shared cultural traditions or religion
Attractive to many people across class and political lines
Romantic nationalism: Emotion dominates
weapon
Folktales, poems and histories expressing shared cultural and linguistic heritage
Factual accuracy optional
Europe 1799
France’s Sister republics
Invasions provoked nationalism
France still fragile
Directory open to exploitation
Man of the Moment
From Corsica
Military school in France
Rose through the ranks
Product of Revolution
Natural leader
1799 first consul
Rigged elections
Nepotism
Revolutionary Army
Citizen army, massive national draft
Powerful new forde
Conquered Spain, Germans, Italians, Austria, Prussia, Russia
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Not all French
Personifying the State
Emperor, 1804
Cultural powerful image
Imitated historical emperors
Europe 1812
Rome, largest empire
Create an orderly society -- Napoleonic Code
Russian Fiasco 1812
600000 men
250000 horses
1500 miles
Scorched earth
Captured empty MOscow
Huge blunder
Deep Freeze
Napoleon loses half of his army due to the brutal winter
Prussia, Russia, and the British unite to take down Napoleon since his forces were weak
End of the road
“My my, at Waterloo, Napoleon did surrender..”
1815 grand alliance defeats Napoleon at Waterloo
End of his Empire
France defeated at the mercy of alliance
Imposed new king (Louis XVIII)
End of Revolution?
Remote Control
Went back to France and led another attack and defeated quickly
Surrendered-- age of chivalry
Admired by his rivals
Napoleon exiled to Saint Helena near Africa until 1821
Legend!
Napoleon seen as depressed
Congress of Vienna
1815
1814: European rulers met to discuss breakup of Napoleon’s empire
Need to create stable, enforceable boundaries with good rulers
Treaty of Paris (1815): Spheres of interest built into congress system
Traditional ruling dynasties restored to most countries paired with larger ones to protect
interests
Thoughtful and deliberate balance of power--Member nations keep peace through
dialogue instead of trying to weaken each other through battle
La Marseillaise
1792
French national anthem
Freedom, defeat, violence, bloodshed
Emotional
Relevant to modern nationalism
Part of history
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