Q&AWeek 11, Day 1
1. Where do you submit your toy project
a. Turnitin andANGEL
2. What time is your toy project due?
What % of US children are:
3. Easy tempered: 40%
4. Difficult tempered: 10%
5. Slow-to-warm up: 15%
6. Give an example of high withdrawal
a. Show distress meeting new people
7. Give an example of positive quality of mood.
a. Smiling and laughing majority of the time
8. Give an example of high activity level.
a. Moving around and active most of the time; little kid dancing to Beyoncé music video
9. Why do the % of East, Difficult, and S-T-W-U not sum up to 100%?
a. There are unique temperaments for children that do not fit into those categories
b. All individuals are not classified by these groupings
10. Define Rhythmicity.
a. Refers to a child’s biological rhythms
11. Temperament involves reactions that are consistent across ____ and ____.
a. Situations and over time
12. Temperament reactions are both _______ and ________.
a. Behaviors and emotions
Q&AWeek 11, Day 2
Describe a difficult child according to:
a. Low adaptability – do not like change in routine
2. Intensity of Reaction
a. More intense negative emotion and less intense positive emotion
3. Threshold of Responsiveness
a. Low threshold for negative emotions and high threshold for positive emotions
4. Quality of Mood
a. Negative/darker quality of mood
a. High on Withdrawal – like things to stay the same; do not like novelty; novelty evokes distress
a. Low on Distractibility with negative emotions: not able to focus even with other things going on in the
environment; not easily distracted from negative experiences/emotions
7. What % of temperament is heritable?
8. Which temperament do first borns resemble?
a. Not pushed to be flexible
10. Which temperament do later borns resemble?
11. Why? a. They have to adjust b/c they have to find a niche that would work for them
Q&AWeek 12, Day 1
Unconditional Love Podcast
1. What year was this research conducted?
2. Who was conducting it?
a. Harry Harlow
3. What did John Watson believe?
a. Physical affection will ruin your child.
b. “serious rocks ahead for the over-kissed child” – over kissed is more than once a year
4. Why did the mental community say parents should not pick up their children?
a. They got more infections. – (it wasn’t cause of parental love, it was because of bacteria which they did
not know about yet)
5. What did the research conclude?
a. Kids will die without affection – need it; not just about food
6. How did the monkeys respond to the ‘abusive’mothers?
a. Did all they could to regain mother’s love after they stopped being mean; tried to repair relationship
7. Define goodness of fit.
a. How well the environment fits child’s temperament
8. How does malnutrition affect temperament?
a. More malnourished higher levels of withdrawal (more fearful of new experiences)
9. Which two Mommies did Harlow use?
a. Feeding (wire) mother and nurture (terry cloth) mother
10. Internal working models: Which component of attachment do they fit under?
11. Describe the preattachment phase of attachment.
a. Attachment not yet present; No preference for caregiver over random adults and no separation anxiety
12. Describe attachment-in-the-making.
a. Show preference for caregiver, but no separation anxiety
Q&AWeek 12, Day 2
1. What is secure base behavior?
a. Child goes out and explores but feels the need to check in with the caregiver
b. Looks like the child is orbiting around the caregiver; will go explore the toys, but check in with parent
regularly (Emotional refueling - eye contact, touch/affection), and then go out and explore again
2. How do avoidant children react to the separation in the Strange Situation?
a. Don’t really notice when caregiver leaves; disinterest in parent – they have learned to not rely on
3. How do secure children react to the separation in the Strange Situation?
a. They are distressed
4. How do anxious/ambivalent children react to the separation in the Strange Situation?
a. When parent leaves, they are hysterical, severely distressed
5. What % of children in the US are securely attached?
6. What type of parenting leads to disorganized attachment?
a. Maltreatment or abuse; poor quality parenting in general
7. What % of children in the US are avoidant in attachment?
8. What % of children in the US are resistant/ambivalent in attachment? a. 10%
Rutter et al. (2001)
9. Aim of the study.
a. To see behavioral patterning for orphans in less than ideal care situations
10. Who were the two groups of children studied?
a. Children from Romania orphans adopted before 3.5 and children in UK that weren’t in privations
11. Name two outcomes that were measured in the study.
a. (Page 98 of article)
12. Describe one cluster of children.
a. (page 100 of article)
Q&AWeek 13, Day 1
1. Which infant attachment style does the dependent/preoccupied adult style connect to?
2. Describe the adult avoidant/dismissing style of relationship.
a. They are scared of commitment, seek physical intimacy but not emotional intimacy, no trust or self-
disclosure, avoid relationships because they think they will be hurt
3. Who are earned securists?
a. Individuals who, in their relationship with their parents, created an insecure attachment, but at some point
in their life as they grew up, had a relationship with someone who taught them what a healthy relationship
should be (changed working model for the better)
4. When/where is our internal working model created?
a. Early infancy with our primary caregivers
5. How do these internal working models affect our future relationships?
a. Carry this model with us through our lives – it can be molded, but it affects how we expect to be treated
in friendships and romantic partnerships and how we treat others, too
6. What is the interactional synchrony (or lack thereof) style of avoidantly attached parents?
a. Ignores infant when they want attention, but gives them attention when they do not want it
b. Sets self up for failure for positive interaction
7. What is the interactional synchrony (or lack thereof) style of resistant/ambivalently attached parents?
a. Usually ignores/rejects child, but sometimes gets it right; inconsistent
8. Describe the secure style of adult attachment.
a. Positive emotion, recognize that there are ups and downs, seek out partners in times of stress, emotional
intimacy, trust, not afraid of commitment, etc.
9. Describe the physical set-up of Grasi.
a. Campus with 3 family-style houses, manor house that they use to help fund it, fields with animals
10. Where do the children of Grasi go to school?
a. They go to school in the community… not a specific orphanage school
Q&AWeek 13, Day 2
1. Do child life specialists (CLS) encourage children to play with real medical equipment?
a. Yes as long as it is developmentally appropriate
2. Name 2 places CLSes work.
a. Funeral home, Children’s Hospitals, Specialized Camps
3. Name 2 reasons the hospital is a scary place.
a. Away from family and friends, changes in the body, stressful schedule
4. How can CLSes distract a child during medical procedures?
a. I-Spy, Bubbles, Music, Verbal Distraction, etc.
5. Developmentally, what happens to a child while in the hospital for a period of time?
a. They regress in their developmental development
6. Which is one common misconception children have about care in the hospital?
a. The IV needle stays in their arm 7. What are the three types of play that CLSes provides to children?
a. Therapeutic, Medical, Developmental
8. List two other professionals CLSes often collaborate with.
a. Physicians, Social Work
9. Activity Centers in the hospital are _____ - ____ zones.
10. Siblings of chronically ill children are often described as the “_______ _____