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Chapter 7

LING 3P90 Chapter Notes - Chapter 7: Dorset Culture, Dependent Clause


Department
Linguistics
Course Code
LING 3P90
Professor
Carolyn Windsor
Chapter
7

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LING 3P90 Chapter 7: Language Sample Analysis
Stylistic Variations
-Register: the style of language one uses when they talk based on the situation,
convo partner, etc
-Interlanguage: pattern of language use; a combination of the L1 and L2 rules, plus
ad hoc rules from neither or both languages
-Code switching: shifting from one language to another within and/or across
di#erent utterances
-Channel availability: less communication success when they don’t visually share
the communication environment with their listener
Referential communication: ability of a speaker to select and verbally identify
the attributes of an entity in such a way that the listener can identify the entity
accurately
-Presuppositional skills: a speakers assumptions about both the context and the
listeners knowledge that in turn in'uence the speakers utterances
-Linguistic Devices
-
Deictics
: linguistic elements that must be interpreted from the perspective of
the speaker
(this, that, now, then, here, there, come, go)
-
De+nite & Inde+nite Reference
: marking speci+c/de+nite and
nonspeci+c/inde+nite referents
by using “the” or “a/an” articles
Cohesive Devices
-Reference: linguistic device used continuously in conversation to keep info 'owing
and to designate new and old info
Initial mention: mature speakers establish mutual reference clearly,
especially if the entity
mentioned is not present; use “an/an
Following mention: previously identi+ed referents are moved to the initial
position and are
referred by “the”
-Ellipsis: where redundant information is omitted
-Conjunctions: used to connect thoughts
-Adverbial Conjuncts: express a logical relationship
-Concordant: similarly, consequently, moreover
-Discordant: nevertheless, rather, in contrast
-Disjuncts: used to comment on or to convey the speaker’s attitude toward the topic
and include words and phrases such as honesty, frankly, perhaps, however, yet, to
my surprise, etc
-Contrastive stress: emphasis used to negate/correct the message of a
conversational partner
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