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SOCI (200)
Chapter 3

SOCI 211 Chapter Notes - Chapter 3: Milgram Experiment, Mind Control, Syphilis


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCI 211
Professor
Michael Smith
Chapter
3

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In order to communicate the various elements
that go into a research study, it is necessary to
discuss the process as a series of stops or phases
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The steps involved in conducting research are
independent
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The phases of social research are highly
interconnected
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Just as certain procedures are too impractical to
use, others are ethically prohibitive or politically
different or impossible
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The problem with ethical considerations is that
some are not always self-evident
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Ethical considerations in research aren't always
apparent to us
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As a result we often do things without seeing
ethical issues that may be apparent to others and
may even be obvious to us when pointed out
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A study that torchers small kids is unethical
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Concern with ethical standards and guidelines in
research gained momentum in North America in
the second half of the 20th century
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Tuskegee Syphilis Study
Examined the long term consequences of
untreated syphilis that ran until 1972
The sample was made up entirely of black
males
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LSD experiments
Patients were subjected to mind-altering
drugs for government experiments such as
brainwashing without their knowledge or
consent
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Other issues in Canada have involved issues of
falsification of data as well as informed consent
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Other issues in Canada have involved issues of
falsification of data as well as informed consent
and potential harm to subjects
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Dr. Roger Poisson was part of a breast cancer
study and falsified medical records of patients so
they would be eligible for the trial
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To guard against the variety of potential harms
that can come to human subjects, codes of ethics
and other guidelines for moral conduct in research
became prevalent during the second half of the
29th century
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Most professions and disciplines have their own
ethical guidelines
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In Canada there was a national set of ethical
guidelines that was established in the 1990s for
institutions that receive federal funding
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Because ethical issues in research are both
important and ambiguous, formal codes of
conduct describing what is considered acceptable
and unacceptable professional behaviour by
themselves is not adequate
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Gaining ethical approval of proposed research
projects by an ethics or human committee has
been required by many institutions and agencies
for decades
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Guidelines for ethical use are not limited to the
collection of new data
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Statistics Canada has a great concern for
maintaining the confidentiality of those who they
gather data from
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Qualitative research may pose ethical issues
around gaining access, building rapport, using data
and publishing results
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One major way that SatsCan protects the
confidential information of subjects is to restrict
disclosure of information when there are too few
cases to ensure against inadvertent identification
of a respondent
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As the councils themselves acknowledge ethical
considerations, we cannot possibly cover all the
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