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Chapter 10

LINGUIST 1Z03 Chapter Notes - Chapter 10: Margaret Wente, Newfoundland English, Newfie

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Karen Tucker

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1Z03 Chapter 10: Newfoundland Dialect Attitudes
Karen Tucker
Was no longer dependent on the Federal government in Ottawa for annual equalisation
payments (these payments were designed to produce comparable standards of
education , health care and infrastructure)
2008 November 3, Newfoundland assumed the economic status of a have rather than have-
not province, for the first time in its fifty-nine year history as a member of the Canadian
Newfoundland seen as poor
1980s NL were referred to as "bums and creeps" and the residents of the Atlantic provinces
were styled as "welfare bums"
Economically lagged behind throughout history, controlled fishing firms
Highest unemployment rates and lowest average incomes in the city
Language Attitudes and Language Change
1940s term "Newfie" to describe a resident of the area (means familiar by Canadian
"goofy newfie"
"newfie" is similar to "polacks" in American culture
Newfoundland dialect was considered to be a sort of entertainment
Th stopping, unrounding of the oy dipthong as in in boy
Attitudes toward NLE varieties are largely negative
Attitudes to Newfoundland Dialects
NLE was negatively evaluated on both correctness and pleasantness ratings by residents of
Ontario and Alberta
NLE was also termed "drawl", "Newfie talk" and "extremely fast lower class"
Studies on Newfoundland suggest that residents have largely internalised outsider stereotypes
of local speech
NL residents downgrade speakers of non-standard local varieties on attitudinal measures
relating to perceived social status and general competence
NL residents viewed such speakers with positivity in terms of their social attractiveness,
honesty, friendliness and likeableness
Younger residents may think differently
It was observed that residents felt they did not speak proper English and viewed their local
variety as "a sign of ignorance, low class, low education, and poverty"
These residents are aware of their local variety and have usually been made fun of or heard
others being made fun of
However their NLE has allowed some actors and singers to be successful
Street that has the most pubs and bars per square foot of any street in North America
In recent years, 'Newfie identity' has increasingly included the image of hard drinking and hard
Gazeebow Unit, with rap characterised by use of local non-standard phonological, grammatical
and lexical features
10: Newfoundland Dialect Attitudes
November 20, 2017
10:10 PM
Class Notes Page 1
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