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Chapter 14

Chapter 14- Sovereignty, the State, and International Order.docx

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Political Studies
POLS 110
Jonathan W Rose

Chapter 14- Sovereignty, the State, and International Order Discipline, Definitions, and Subject Matter  Many scholars have adopted a broader interpretation of IR as much more multifaceted than merely relations between sovereign states in an international system of states, and believe that it cannot be as neatly defined from other spheres of politics as earlier practitioners have suggested  The term global is almost always used as an all-encompassing term referring to the entire world regardless of state boundaries  The term global environment is often used to assert the transcendence of boundaries in the context of issues such as global warming and climate change  State refers to the notion of a distinctive political community with its own set of rules and practices and more or less separate from other such communities  The state refers specifically to the modern sovereign state which possesses a legal personality and which is recognized as possessing certain rights and duties  The state in IR is envisaged as a formally constituted, sovereign political structure encompassing people, territory and institutions  Nation refers specifically to a people rather than a formal, territorial entity  Nations as assumed to populate sovereign states and are very often described in single terms o There is virtually no state in the world encompassing a single, homogeneous state  It is no so much nations as peoples that interact formally in the international sphere, but rather sovereign states Key Points  Although the distinctions between IR and other fields of politics, as well as other disciplines such as law and history, are often difficult to maintain, IR is generally differentiated as a specialized area of study if not as a separate discipline  The terminology of IR involves a complex of over-lapping terms such as nation, state, nation-state and sovereign state as well as international relations, world politics, and global politics, all of which have different degrees States and International Systems in World History  The proponents of globalism believe that a transformation is presently under way in which state boundaries and controls will become meaningless  Other believe we are entering a new era of empire  States understood as political communities date back to the time that human groups first developed settled agricultural practices  The definition of the modern state includes a relationship between a permanent population and a certain defined territory  The state of the ancient Greeks was the polis or city-state which is referred to as the archetypal model of classical democracy  It is partly due to the Roman Empire that Christianity became firmly established in Europe, a development which had very significant consequences for the subsequent development of political ideas and practices  Empires tend to be relatively large-scale political entities made up of a number of smaller political communities (generally states) with a central controlling force, and are held together by force  Empires are characterized more explicitly by relations of domination and subordination  The networks and movements of people prompted by the global reach of the modern European empires, in particular, along with technological innovations and the development of financial and economic systems established much of the basis on which contemporary global interdependence rests  The phenomenon of globalization has recently been linked to a new form of empire which is replacing the old form of state sovereignty with a different kind of sovereignty  The new imperial order is characterized by the power of transnational corporations and forms of production owing no allegiance to territorial entities and which in fact seek to supplant their sovereignty Key Points  States as political communities have existed for thousands of years and have taken a wide range of forms in terms of size and institutional features. Today, the sovereign state is the dominant form and underpins the international system although many commenters see the forces of globalization as undermining it  Empires as a form of international order have also existed in ancient pre- modern and modern period and throughout different parts of the world. Some argue that the USA now plays an imperial role in global politics in everything but name while others see the power of transnational corporations trumping that of any state, including the USA The Rise of Modernity and the State System in Europe  Modernity names a complex phenomenon associated with the rise in Europe of science and technology leading to indu
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