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Chapter 1

CLD 111 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Childhood Obesity, Consumerism


Department
Early Childhood Studies
Course Code
CLD 111
Professor
Aurelia Di Santo
Chapter
1

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Chapter 1: Exploring the Foundation of Play
CHAPTER PREVIEW:
Through play, children communicate their feelings and ideas to other children and adults.
Through play, children also gain physical development and experimental opportunities.
Play is complex as it formulates the foundation for child development.
THE ORIGIN OF THR WORD PLAY:
Defining Play
Children in all culture learn through play.
oAcquire knowledge, skills, abilities that become the foundation for lifelong
learning and development.
Play and work are different
oPlay is a self-chosen activity rather than prescribed.
oWork has a defined intent and prescribed outcome.
Play is about the process, not product.
Listen to what the children are saying.
oPrivate speech
There are many perspective on what the term ‘play’ mean. It is challenging to articulate
one definition that encompasses the breadth, depth, and complexities of the topic play.
THE IMPORTANCE OF EXAMINING SOCIETAL ISSUES AND CHILD’S PLAY:
Childhood Obesity (in Canada)
Overweight and obesity is categorized as an epidemic.
Lead too chronic disease and social problem in the future.
Appropriate role modelling, nutrition, and active play are vital to children and their
wellness.
Outdoor Play
There is a reduction in the amount of time children spend playing outdoors:
oConcern for childhood safety.
oSpace not suitable for children to play
oHurried lifestyle.
Impacts a child’s physiological and psychological development.
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Technology
Sometimes used to entertain children rather than offer them play experiences.
Children as young as 2 years of age are being exposed to technology.
Culture
Refers to: “the underlying beliefs, patterns of behaviour and assumptions of a group that
are passed on from one generation to the next. Culture is developed from a society’s
key value.” (Dietze, 2006)
When children are exposed to cultural differences during early years, children develop
positive values towards cultures and diversity in the early learning environment.
Consumerism
Stages in the evolution of a child consumer
oInfancy to 2 years
Children accompany parents shopping. Items are placed at their eye
level.
oAge 2 to 3 years of age.
Children request items.
Children make connection between television advertising and store items
oAge 3 to 4 years of age
Children begin selecting specific brand items that they desire
oAge 4 to 5 years of age
Children chooses their products and make independent purchases.
Poverty (in Canada)
More than one million children are growing up in poverty.
Suffer from more anxiety, depression, and irritability.
Children suffer a higher rate of accidents during play.
BRAIN DEVELOPMENT:
During the first 5 to 6 yaers of life, play development and brain development have similar
complementary features.
Brain development is complex and is influenced by both biology and environment
The growth and development of the brain are influenced by a child’s experiences and
environment.
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