Textbook Notes (363,460)
Canada (158,372)
Criminology (124)
CRM 102 (29)
Chapter 5

Scott Clark- CRM102 Chapter 5.docx Crime and Criminology and Introduction 1ST EDITION

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Ryerson University
CRM 102
Scott Clark

CRM 102: Chapter 5 Labeling Perspectives Introduction • Labeling perspective introduces us the idea that to understand crime we have to explore both objective & subjective dimensions of the criminal justice experience • Strain theory: crime is explained in terms of blocked opportunities and cultural or learned behaviour • Labeling process argues that crime is a social process, it involves different perceptions of what constitutes ‘good’or ‘bad’behaviour • Crime is not an ‘objective’phenomenon; it is an outcome of specific types of human interaction Social Context • Concern was with how human beings actively create their social world • Main image of the 1950 was one of shared collective interests, consensus on core values, economic prosperity for everyone, & stands of ‘deviance’ & ‘conformity’ • Social order was viewed as monolithic –everyone was dedicated to common goals, everyone had a stake in the status quo • ‘Deviancy’in the youth cultural revolution was consciously perpetrated and, simultaneously, hotly contested by the young themselves • Events of May 1968, in which students and then workers took the streets of Paris and paralyzed France for weeks, underscored the fact that social change was not only unavoidable, but was happening here and now • What maybe deviant one-day might not be the next day. Likewise, what one group thinks of as deviant might well be acceptable to another • Libertarian ethos emphasized choice and rebellion over passive acceptance and conformity Basic Concepts • Labeling perspective states that crime and criminal behaviour are a social process • Focus of concern is with the nature of the interaction between ;offender’, ‘victim’, and criminal justice ‘officials’ • Crime is determined by the activities of the CJS and its officials (behaviour is criminal depending on who is labeling) • Key area of analysis s the relationship between the offender and those who have the power to label • Consequence of this relationship is that stigmatization can occur • Self-concept and social opportunities of the offender are determined or influenced by the labeling process • Stigma sticks to offender & changes how people see them & their self perception • Stigmatization also results to criminal engaging in more criminal activity and even seek out or find company of others who are out casted as criminals • Power to label is substantial, and has lasting impacts; should be used judiciously and only where absolutely necessary Historical Development • Wide range of intellectual influences: psychology, phenomenology, and ethnomethodology • Symbolic interactionist (strong links to labeling perspective): employs concepts such as ‘self’and ‘symbol’in order to explain social behaviour and social action • Symbol refers to anything (badge, gesture, etc.) and self is not a psychological concept (like personality), but refers to how people see themselves • It does not matt
More Less

Related notes for CRM 102

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.